Healthints – The benefits of the grape have been well-known since long ago. Ordinary wine is taken for granted or as an ingredient in cooking or as syrup. In the region of Europe, wine has been cultivated around 6000 years ago. These shrub plants, usually live in areas with high intensity with low rainfall — about 60 types of grape varieties, consumed by the whole world.
Nutritional Value of Grapes
The grape has proper nutrition for the body. Each grape variety has its nutritional value, but in general, the nutritional content of grapes consists of 70 percent water and 20 percent sugar, which makes grapes very good for the body’s metabolism. 10 percent of other substances include:
- Gallic acid
- Phosphoric acid
- Some vitamins
Grape contains other compounds such as polyphenols and resveratrol, which we also know as antioxidants. The antioxidant content of wine counteracts free radicals that enter the body, to prevent the formation of cells that cause cancer. Nutrition Benefits of Grapes for the Body per 151 g.
2. Calories 104 (435 KJ)
From carbohydrates 98.5 (412 KJ)
from fat 2.0 (8.4 KJ)
of protein 3.7 (15.5 KJ)
3. 1.1 g protein (2%)
Tryptophan 16.6 mg
Threonine 33.2 mg
Isoleucine 16.6 mg
Leusin 33.2 mg
Lysine 40.8 mg
Methionine 13.6 mg
Cystine 15.1 mg
Phenylalanine 28.7 mg
Tyrosine 15.1 mg
Valine 33.2 mg
Arginine 196 mg
Histidine 33.2 mg
Alanine 33.2 mg
Aspartic acid 57.4 mg
122 mg glutamic acid
Glycine 24.2 mg
Proline 121 mg
Serine 33.2 mg
Vitamin 99.7 IU (2%)
Equivalent Retinol Activity 4.5 mcg
Alpha Carotene 1.5 mcg
Beta-carotene 58.9 mcg
Lutein + Zeaxanthin 109 mcg
Vitamin C 16.3 mg (27%)
Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol) 0.3 mg (1%)
Vitamin K 22.0 mcg (28%)
Thiamin 0.1 mg (7%)
Riboflavin 0.1 mg (6%)
Niacin 0.3 mg (1%)
Vitamin B6 0.1 mg (6%)
Folate 3.0 mcg (1%)
Folate 3.0 mcg food
Folate Equivalent 3.0 mcg
Pantothenic acid 0.1 mg (1%)
Choline 8.5 mg
Betaine 0.2 mg
Calcium 15.1 mg (2%)
Iron 0.5 mg (3%)
Magnesium 10.6 mg (3%)
Phosphorus 30.2 mg (3%)
Potassium 288 mg (8%)
Sodium 3.0 mg (0%)
Zinc 0.1 mg (1%)
0.2 mg copper (10%)
Manganese 0.1 mg (5%)
Selenium 0.2 mcg (0%)
Fluorine 11.8 mcg
27.3 g total carbohydrate (9%)
Dietary fiber 1.4 g (5%)
Sugar 23.4 g
Sucrose 227 mg
Glucose 10872 mg
Fructose 12276 mg
Benefits of Grapes for Health
Grapes are rich in polyphenolic phytochemical compounds. Resveratrol is one of the most active antioxidants that has been found to play a protective role against cancers of the colon and prostate, coronary heart disease (CHD), degenerative nerve disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and viral/fungal infections.
Resveratrol reduces the risk of stroke by changing the molecular mechanism in blood vessels. First by reducing the susceptibility of blood vessels through decreased angiotensin activity (systemic hormones that cause narrowing of blood vessels which can, in turn, increase blood pressure) and second, through increasing production of vasodilators, nitric oxide (beneficial compounds that cause relaxation of blood vessels).
Anthocyanins are a class of polyphenol antioxidants that are abundant in red wine. This phytochemical has been found to have anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and anti-cancer activities.
Catechins, a type of tannin anti-oxidant flavonoid tannin group, which we can find in white/green varieties are also proven to have this health protection function. Also, grapes are very low in calories. 100 g of fresh wine only produces 69 calories but zero cholesterol levels.
Grape is a rich source of micronutrient minerals such as copper, iron, and manganese. Copper and manganese are essential cofactors of antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase. Also, 100 g of fresh grapes contain 191 mg of electrolytes which are beneficial for health, potassium.
Grapes are a source of vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin K, carotene, useful vitamin B complexes, such as pyridoxine, riboflavin, and thiamin.
Benefits of Grapes for Overcoming Various Diseases
Eating grapes can prevent the onset of diseases in the body. Here are some examples:
1. Good Source of Blood Sugar
Not all the fruits have regulation of blood sugar, as contained in the benefits of watermelon fruit has a high glycemic level of around 70-75, which is not too suitable for people who have problems with blood sugar balance. In grapes, only about 43-53 glycemic levels are present which show low glycemic levels. In the current study, the right balance of blood sugar is related to the content of phytonutrients in wine.
2. Anti Microbial Material
Grapes contain beneficial phytonutrients as well as anti-microbial substances. This substance helps the body prevent problems that occur due to food microbes.
3. Maintain Heart Health
In research on grapes, it shows that the substance resveratrol has a function to increase blood vessel dilation, which provides an opportunity for blood to flow more smoothly.
When the body is relaxed, with a more massive blood vessel wall, which lowers blood pressure or when blood flows through all areas of the frame with a high volume of weight, that is useful in increasing oxygen and nutrients to body cells.
4. Source of Vitamins
Red grapes provide an excellent source of vitamins to maintain a healthy body. Each serving of red wine, gives about 16 mg of vitamin C, about 27 percent of daily needs, on a 2,000-calorie diet such as the benefits of oranges. Some other vitamins are also found, such as:
a. 22 mcg of vitamin K (about 28% of the daily diet value)
b. 0.4 mg thiamin (27 percent of daily value)
c. vitamin E
d. vitamin A, pantothenic acid
e. vitamin B-6
Vitamins help the organ function process run well, which will reduce the risk of specific health problems.
5. Cognitive benefits
Grapes consumed as human grape juice intake provide benefits in optimizing cognitive strength. In a Concord study of daily consumption of grape juice as much as 1-2 weeks for about a few months, it showed an increase in value in the study participants at the California Verbal Learning Test.
6. Body Protection from Radiation
A compelling nutrient content that has been proven to protect the body against radiation therapy, when used as a treatment for cancer radiation.
7. Helps Muscle Recovery
Potent antioxidants can support cells and organs, in removing uric acid and other toxins from the body. It also includes support for recovery of muscle injuries for athletes.
Benefits of Grapes for the Skin
Besides, the grape is perfect for health; the interests of other grapes also good for beauty.
8. Protection against skin cancer
In many studies, resveratrol substances showed a positive influence on the development of cancer cells. Resveratrol protects the skin from damage to UVB rays from the sun, thus providing resistance to skin cancer.
9. Moisturize facial skin
Slice the grapes into two parts, then apply to the face and let stand for fifteen minutes. Use it regularly every two times morning and night before going to sleep and feel the benefits of wine that provides natural moisture to the skin.
10. Brighten your face
The dull skin, alarming appearance, wine can help it. 1 to 2 grapes take and peel the surface, then squeeze by hand. Mix with honey ± 2-3 drops, then apply to a clean face. Let stand at least 15 minutes, then rinse with plain water.
Grape is one of the fruit with the perfect content for health which contains antioxidants that are good for the human body. But there are some tips for those of you who want to consume wine. Make sure you don’t have diabetes. The sugar content in the wine is quite high and will add to your diabetic severity.
Make sure you wash it clean. The possibility of pesticide ingredients in grapes when spraying, and this is not good for body health. Do not store too long in the refrigerator; this will cause contamination with other bacteria in your fridge.
Everything/fruits certainly have advantages and disadvantages of each, for that, consume wisely.