Friday, August 31, 2018

Benefits and Risks of Drinking Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks)

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Benefits and Risks of Drinking Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks)

Benefits and Risks of Drinking Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks) - Carbonated drinks (Sparkling Beverages), literally interpreted as drinks containing carbonation. Carbonated beverages have several famous names that vary, for example, in the United States, known as soda, soda pop, pop or tonic, in England known as fizzy drinks, in Canada it is known as Soda or Pop only. In Ireland, they call it Minerals.

What is Soda?

Soda water has the chemical formula H2CO3. To make soda water, the most essential components are water and carbon dioxide gas. Soda water is prepared by dissolving carbon dioxide (CO2) gas into a liquid. When injected into high-pressure water, carbon dioxide will form carbonic acid. That is why these drinks are called carbonated beverages. It is this carbonic acid that causes the appearance of a typical touch of soda in the mouth (mouthfeel) and the feeling of bite when taken.

Benefits and Risks of Drinking Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks)

Carbonation occurs when CO2 gas is completely dissolved in water. This process will produce a "Fizz" carbonation sensation in carbonated water and sparkling mineral water. This is followed by foaming correction on soda drinks which is nothing but the process of releasing dissolved CO2 in the water. Judging from the raw materials and the manufacturing process carbonated beverages have no alcohol content.

The Facts About Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks)

Judging from the nutritional value, carbonated drinks do not include nutrient-dense beverages. However, the use of sugar makes this drink a contributor to the energy needed by the body. Also, the addition of certain ingredients also contributes to minerals that are meaningful to the body.

Benefits and Risks of Drinking Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks)

Interestingly, those who are on a low-calorie diet can choose low-energy carbonated drinks. This drink uses synthetic sweetener as a sugar substitute. Meanwhile, energy consumption in one day on average reaches 2,300 - 3,800 kcal, depending on age and number of activities. A can of 240 ml soft drink contains about 100 kcal of energy. This energy content causes soft drinks to have a refreshing effect after doing physical work or after exercising.

Is it right diet soda helps you lose weight?

Diet soda is a carbonated drink that contains lower calories. This makes diet soda drinks better than regular sodas. The lower caloric content makes many people think that this drink does not cause weight gain, such as regular soda.

In fact, a study funded by the American Beverage Association shows that people who consume diet soda can lose more weight (by 6 kg) than people who do not destroy it (only 4 kg) within 12 weeks. Researchers explain that people who drink soda are better able to cope with changes in behaviour during diet as an effort to lose weight.

However, this research is widely denied by other studies that say that diet soda can actually increase weight and increase the risk of certain diseases.

Other studies prove the opposite

Although diet soda contains lower calories, diet soda still contains artificial sweeteners. This artificial sweetener can cause you to gain weight.

Many studies link artificial sweeteners with increased appetite. One of them is research conducted by Purdue University. This study proves that artificial sweeteners can interfere with the body's natural ability to assess and regulate calories from food.

Artificial sweeteners in diet soda can make the body confused. The body becomes less able to recognise the energy in the sweet liquid that enters your body. So, when the body feels it has not received enough calories (even though it has obtained enough sugar), the agency will increase your appetite. This can then cause you to gain weight.

Another study that followed more than 5000 adults for 7-8 years also proved that soda can cause weight gain. The more diet soda consumed, the more weight gained by the participants in the study.

According to some studies, drinking soda has been shown to cause an epidemic of obesity in the US. Here are the four most damaging facts when drinking soda:

1. Not only fattening the body, but also organs
Researchers from Denmark researched and found that drinking non-diet soda increased levels of fat that could not be traced in the body. In one study, participants were asked to drink soda, milk, diet cola, or water every day for six months. After six months, the results showed that people who drank soda experienced a dramatic increase in unhealthy hidden fat (liver and bone fat).

Cholesterol levels also increased by 11 per cent compared to other groups. According to research, drinking diet soda is also not good for your health. All soda varieties contain sweeteners and food colouring. The ingredients are related to the causes of hyperactivity and brain cell damage. People who regularly drink soda have a higher risk of developing diabetes.

2. Contains toxic substances
One ingredient of soda is flame retardant, a fire suppression chemical used in thermosets, thermoplastics, textiles, coatings, and some soda drinks that you like to drink. This ingredient is registered as BVO (Brominated Vegetable Oil) and serves to prevent artificial flavour from being separated from the liquid as a whole. This ingredient can cause bromide poisoning which causes memory loss, nerve disorders, and abnormal changes in the skin.

3. Will turn you into a laboratory mouse
Lovely corn syrup is used to sweeten many American soda brands. This man-made material is dangerous because it comes from genetically engineered corn. People do not know the long-term effects that will occur in humans. New research tends to agree that genetic engineering causes an increase in the ageing process, digestive tract damage, and infertility.

4. Causes bone loss and tooth decay
A meta-analysis of about 90 studies shows that many people who like to drink soda stop consuming milk. Decreasing milk consumption is not a good sign. In the 1950s, for every one glass of sugary drinks, a child drank 3 cups of milk. Now it's the opposite. Not surprisingly, 44 million Americans are currently diagnosed with osteoporosis.

The Content of Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks)

Drinking too much soda is also not good for teeth. High concentrations of glucose, sucrose, fructose, and sugar cause tooth decay. Some time ago, Coca-Cola in the United States agreed that their soda will reduce raw materials that are thought to trigger cancer. Coca-Cola in America is said to be a little healthier than Coca-Cola in other parts of the country.

Benefits and Risks of Drinking Soda Water (Carbonated Drinks)

Although Coca-Cola's raw materials have never been disclosed to the public, at least researchers are trying to detect what content is contained in these soft drinks.

1. Dyes (which are thought to trigger cancer)

The name dye on Coca-Cola is called 4-methylimidazole (4-MI), a compound that is believed to trigger the disease. Although Coca-Cola insists their production drinks are safe because the content of 4-MI is not dangerous, in fact, various studies have proven otherwise.

2. Caffeine

In a can of Coca-Cola, there is at least 40 mg of caffeine. That is half the level of caffeine in a cup of tea and the third cup of coffee. Caffeine makes heart rate faster and increases high blood pressure. Caffeine also causes the body to stop absorbing iron from food. So soda lovers usually suffer from iron deficiency.

3. Sugar

Both the usual Coca-Cola, zero sugar, and the type of diet, all still contain sugar. Most sugars usually trigger obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart attacks, and also strokes. Sugar in Coca-Cola is also quickly absorbed by the body, which makes the drinker easily tired and increases the desire to eat more sweet foods.

4. Phosphoric acid

Phosphoric acid is an odourless compound that gives flavour to Coca-Cola. This phosphoric acid is usually effective in removing rust on iron. The most phosphoric acid will damage the kidneys and weaken the bones. How terrible?

5. Citric acid

Citric acid is usually found in oranges or grapefruit. This sour taste can damage teeth if consumed in excess. Research in the journal General Dentistry states that Coca-Cola is ten times damaging to teeth than oranges.

6. Bisphenol A

Almost everyone knows about bisphenol A. These compounds are usually found in baby bottles, plastic cutlery, CD places, including Coca-Cola cans. Bisphenol A is similar to estrogen so it can damage the body's balance. Many studies have mentioned that bisphenol A can trigger cancer, liver damage, obesity, diabetes, and infertility problems.

In conclusion, consuming a limited amount of soda is relatively safe because the levels of artificial sweeteners are considered not harmful to health. But this drink is also not a good drink to consume every day. Mineral water, sugar-free tea, or low-fat milk, are far better than soft drinks.

How to Prevent Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis in Pregnant Women

How to Prevent Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis in Pregnant Women

How to Prevent Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis in Pregnant Women - Since many cases of diphtheria were endemic some time ago, many people began to realize to check their diphtheria immunization status. No exception pregnant and lactating women who also care about this. The reason is that they do not want their health to be disrupted because of Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis, so they are feared to harm the baby they are carrying.

However, because of the condition of those who are pregnant or breastfeeding, they are more careful and even worried about the safety of the diphtheria vaccine.

Generally, we know that the way to prevent Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis is to do immunizations, one of which is by giving Tdap vaccine (Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis).

Can Pregnant and Lactating Women Get Tdap Vaccine?

Tdap vaccine is useful for preventing Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis. This vaccine is a mandatory vaccine that must be given to infants aged 2 months, 3 months, 4 months, 18 months, then continued with the administration of Td vaccine at the age of 6, 7, and 10 years.

Ideally, the Tdap vaccine is given in 3 doses for ages 2-18 years. Furthermore, after the age of 18, a booster can be given every 10 years. But this vaccine schedule can be adjusted if it had not received the Tdap vaccine when it was 2-18 years old.

For pregnant women, it is permissible to take a Tdap vaccine. However, it is recommended that you consult with an obstetrician before getting the Tdap vaccine. The doctor will do an examination and decide whether the Tdap vaccine can be given? Also with the schedule of giving.

Health workers in many countries recommend vaccination during pregnancy, in addition to 3 times giving injections for newborns starting between the ages of 6 weeks to 3 months. Some countries recommend giving mothers treatments every time of pregnancy because the effectiveness of vaccination decreases over time.

Other Vaccines That Can be Given to Pregnant Women to Prevent Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis

Immunization carried out before and during pregnancy is a preventive measure to increase maternal immunity against parasitic, bacterial and viral infections.

How to Prevent Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis in Pregnant Women

But doctors will not recommend giving vaccines from live viruses. The reason is, during pregnancy, the mother's immune system decreases a little so that the provision of live vaccines is feared to cause infection and endanger the fetus. Immunization may be given if the vaccine contains dead or inactive viruses.

1. Diphtheria and Pertussis Vaccine (Tdap)

Diphtheria vaccine is divided into two types, namely the diphtheria vaccine for infants and children under 7 years of age, and vaccines for children over 7 years and adults. Diphtheria vaccine for infants and children under 7 years of age is DPT (DTwP, DTaP) and DT, while vaccines for children over 7 years and adults are Tdap and Td vaccines. Both groups of vaccines are equally used to form immunity to diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus, but differ in the nature and number of antigens.

Diphtheria immunization for pregnant women, diphtheria vaccine given is Tdap or Td. Pregnant women should not be given vaccines containing live viruses such as the Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, Shingles (varicella-zoster), and polio vaccines both OPV and IPV. Because according to experts if reckless is given, it is feared that it can affect the fetus. But the Tdap vaccine does not contain a live virus, in it includes toxoid (inactivated toxins) from tetanus and diphtheria and acellular pertussis antigen.

Tdap and Td vaccines are a type of booster vaccine that is used as a booster, the dosage is smaller so that the side effects are less. The dose of Tdap / Td vaccine given to pregnant women is equal to the treatment of vaccine given to adults in general, which is 0.5 ml.

Pregnant women may be given a diphtheria vaccine with Tdap / Td in the second or third trimester. The most recommended gestational age is between 27-36 weeks.

Likewise with Pertussis. Pertussis affects people of all ages, and this can be deadly. Especially for babies less than one-year-old and more often during the period between birth and receiving the first vaccine at the age of 2 months.

Coughing can be so severe that the baby has difficulty feeding or drinking or even breathing. The best way to protect babies from whooping cough is to get vaccinations.

DPT is a combination vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. DTaP and Tdap refer to similar combination vaccines in which the lower-case component "a" is acellular or does not contain complete cells. The letters "d" and "p" show smaller concentrations of diphtheria and the pertussis component. Tdap is a vaccine for everyone from the age of 11, including pregnant women. Whereas DTap is for children aged 2 months to 6 years.

To determine whether you can currently receive diphtheria and pertussis vaccines or not, you should consult with your doctor or medical practitioner in advance.

2. Tetanus Vaccine (TT)

Tetanus is caused by toxins from the bacterium Clostridium tetani. These bacteria are found in dust in the house, human and animal feces and rusty iron. Tetanus bacteria enter the body through open wounds. Tetanus prevention efforts are essential because tetanus infection can affect the nervous system and can be fatal if left untreated.

Ideally, tetanus injection (TT vaccine) is obtained before pregnancy to prevent the risk of tetanus in pregnant women and infants. However, even so, the TT vaccine is also safe if given afterward.

In the first pregnancy, the doctor will recommend pregnant women for two tetanus injections. Most doctors give the first injection in the third trimester of pregnancy, usually at seven months of pregnancy. A second injection is provided at least four weeks after the first injection. Meanwhile, the WHO also recommends giving the third injection six months after the second injection. This third injection aims to provide protection for at least the next five years.

Some doctors prefer to give three times a tetanus vaccine injection at a distance of each four-week infusion, starting at 28 weeks' gestation. There are also doctors who may provide the first vaccine injection in the first trimester of pregnancy, as soon as you are tested positive for pregnancy.

Side Effects After Tdap Vaccine Immunization in Pregnant Women

Diphtheria immunization in pregnant women using the Tdap/Td vaccine usually only causes mild side effects such as pain in the injection site and fever. Side effects like this will often disappear by itself within 2-3 days. If you have an illness, you can ask for febrifuge and increase consumption of water and fruit.

As parents, we certainly intend to protect our children whenever we can. Protect your child by making vaccination a priority. Prevent something that can be prevented by giving injections on time at all times.

Monday, August 27, 2018

Tdap Vaccine: Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis

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Tdap Vaccine: Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis

Tdap Vaccine: Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis - Have you ever heard of a Tdap vaccine? Yes, this is a type of vaccine that is usually given to infants and children. Then this vaccine will be given again every 10 years as a booster. In addition, this vaccine can also be given to adults who have never received the Tdap vaccine as a child. 

What is a Tdap Vaccine?

Tdap vaccine is a vaccine given to prevent tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis. The benefits of this Tdap vaccine are that it can help fight viruses that can cause 3 of these diseases which usually often affect children and adults, and the Tdap vaccine is a type of vaccine given after carrying out a series of vaccines or can also be referred to as advanced vaccines.

Know Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis

Prior to vaccination, in the United States, there were 200,000 cases of diphtheria and pertussis every year, and hundreds of cases of tetanus. Tetanus and diphtheria cases decreased by about 99% and pertussis cases were around 80% since vaccination began. Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis are diseases caused by bacteria, and this will be very dangerous if we ignore them. The biggest risk is that people experience death.

1. Tetanus

Tetanus is a spasm that starts in the jaw and neck. This condition is caused by the harmful poison of the bacterium Clostridium tetani, which enters the body's nerves through dirty wounds.

Clostridium tetani can survive outside the body in spore form for a very long time. For example, in dust, soil and animal and human waste. Clostridium tetani spores generally enter the body through dirty wounds, for example, injuries caused by injury, animal bites, rusty nails, or burns.

Tetanus consists of several types, namely general tetanus, local, cephalic tetanus, and neonatal tetanus. However, local and cephalic types are rare.

Tdap Vaccine: Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis

Tetanus is said to be localized when it comes to certain body parts that will experience local seizures. This occurs when the body has only partial immunity to tetanus poison and can become common tetanus that spreads to other parts of the body.

Tetanus Cephalic occurs due to a middle ear infection. Just as tetanus is localized, tetanus also has the potential to become common tetanus. While Tetanus Neonatorum is tetanus which occurs because the process of handling labor in newborns is contaminated with tetanus bacterial spores. This type of tetanus can occur because the baby's immune system against tetanus is still weak. For this reason, vaccine immunization is needed for infants.

2. Diphtheria

Diphtheria is generally attacking the mucous membranes in the nose and throat, and can sometimes affect the skin caused by bacterial infections. This disease is very contagious and includes serious infections that are potentially life-threatening.

Diphtheria is caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The spread of these bacteria can occur easily, especially for people who do not get diphtheria vaccine.

Tdap Vaccine: Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis

Diphtheria bacteria will produce toxins that will kill healthy cells in the throat so that they eventually become dead cells. These dead cells will form a gray membrane (thin layer) in the throat. In addition, the toxins produced also have the potential to spread in the bloodstream and damage the heart, kidneys, and nervous system.

Sometimes diphtheria may not show any symptoms so the sufferer does not realize that he is infected. If they do not undergo treatment correctly, they have the potential to transmit the disease to those around them, especially those who have not received immunizations.

3. Pertussis

Pertussis is a bacterial infection of the lungs and respiratory tract that is easily transmitted. This disease can be life-threatening if it happens to the elderly and children, especially babies who are not old enough to get the pertussis vaccine.

Whooping cough can be identified by a continuous barrage of a hard cough that begins with a deep breath in the mouth. A person can suffer from whooping cough for three months, so this disease is also commonly called "100 Days Cough".

Whooping cough can make people lack oxygen in their blood. In addition, various complications can occur, such as pneumonia. Even in some cases, the ribcage of the sufferer is injured by a very hard cough.

Tdap Vaccine: Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis

Whooping cough can spread quickly from person to person. Therefore, the pertussis vaccine is needed to prevent someone from getting this disease. The bacteria that causes whooping cough usually spreads through the fluid that comes out when the patient coughs or sneezes.

Bordetella pertussis bacteria that spread through the air are the cause of whooping cough in someone. These bacteria enter and then attack the walls of the patient's airway and release toxins.

Airway swelling is one of the ways the body reacts to the toxins released by bacteria. A swollen airway can make a person have to breathe strongly through the mouth because of difficulty breathing. It is the result of a strong breath that gives rise to a long whoop sound. Another way the body will do when bacteria infect the airway wall is to produce thick mucus, then the respiratory tract responds to try to remove the thick mucus by coughing.

The Side Effects of Tdap Vaccines 

Like any drug, vaccination can cause side effects, which are usually mild and will disappear on their own, but serious reactions may also occur. But, most people who get the Tdap vaccine have no problems.

1. Minor problems that occur after being given Tdap vaccine (do not interfere with activity)
  • Pain after injection is given (about 3 out of 4 teenagers or 2 of 3 adults).
  • Redness or swelling where the injection is given (about 1 in 5).
  • Mild fever of at least 100.4° F (about 1 in 25 adolescents or 1 in 100 adults).
  • A headache (around 3 or 4 people out of 10)
  • Fatigue (about 1 person from 3 or 4).
  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain (up to 1 in 4 adolescents or 1 in 10 adults).
  • Shivering, joint pain (about 1 in 10).
  • Body pain (about 1 person from 3 or 4).
  • Rash, swollen glands (rare).

2. Moderate Level Problems after being given Vaksin Tdap (Interferes with activity, but does not require medical attention)
  • Pain where the injection is given (up to 1 in 5 or 6).
  • Redness or swelling where the injection is given (up to about 1 in 16 adolescents or 1 in 12 adults).
  • Fever of more than 102 ° F (about 1 in 100 adolescents or 1 in 250 adults).
  • A headache (around 1 in 7 adolescents or 1 in 10 adults).
  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain (up to 1 or 3 people out of 100).
  • Swelling of the entire arm where the injection is given (up to about 1 in 500).

3. Serious problems after being given the Tdap vaccine (Unable to carry out activities as usual; medical attention is needed)
  • Swelling, serious pain, bleeding, and redness in the arm where the injection is given (rarely).

Problems that can occur after vaccine administration:

  • People sometimes faint after medical procedures, including vaccinations. Lying down or sitting for about 15 minutes can help prevent fainting, and injuries caused by falls. Tell your doctor if you feel dizzy, or have a change in your vision or ear ringing.
  • Some people are seriously ill on the shoulder and have difficulty moving the arm where the injection is given. This is very rare.
  • Every drug can cause a severe allergic reaction. These reactions are very rare after vaccine administration, estimated to be less than 1 in one million doses, and will occur within minutes to several hours after vaccination.

Not Everyone Can Get a Vaccine Tdap

If you have experienced an allergic reaction that threatens your life after getting a dose of tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis or containing a vaccine beforehand, or if you have a severe allergy to this vaccine, you should not get Tdap. Tell your doctor if you have severe allergies.

If you have a coma or an old seizure within 7 days of getting the Tdap vaccine in childhood, you should not get Tdap, unless another cause is found.

Talk to your doctor if you have seizures or other nervous system problems, have severe or swollen pain after a vaccine containing diphtheria, tetanus or pertussis, has experienced Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), or is unwell at the time the vaccine is given.

Saturday, August 25, 2018

Migraine Headache: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Migraine Headache: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment - A migraine is a pain in the head either moderate pain or severe throbbing pain which generally only affects the sides of the head.

Women are more likely to have migraines than men. According to the results of the WHO study, of the total population of humans aged 18-65 years who reported having experienced headaches, about 30 percent were migraine headaches.

Migraine Headache: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

In some people, migraine attacks can appear only a few times a year. However, in other patients, migraines can appear up to several times a week. In some instances, pain can appear on both sides of the head and even attack the neck of the patient.

Identifying Migraines

There are no specific tests to diagnose a Migraine. Migraines can be diagnosed by detecting a pattern of headaches that correspond to symptoms in a Migraine. Besides problems, some sufferers feel nausea, vomiting, and become much more sensitive to light or sound. There are several types of migraines that you need to recognize, namely:

1. Migraine aura

The signs that initiate migraine headaches are called Auras. Symptoms that are felt before a migraine occurs are generally in the form of vision problems (flashes of light in the eye), stiffness in the neck and tingling in the limbs. A Migraine with aura is also known as a Classic Migraine. This type is experienced by about one-third of migraine sufferers.

2. A Migraine without aura

Migraine headaches that occur without signs or symptoms. A Migraine without aura is diagnosed after the patient is known to have a history of migraine attacks five times.

3. An aura migraine without headaches

A migraine occurs when the person feels aura or other migraine symptoms, but without problems.

Migraine Symptoms

People who have migraines feel a throbbing pain in the head, and this will get worse each time they move. Headaches are generally felt on one side of the head. In some instances, pain can also occur on both sides of the head, face, or neck. The felt pulsation can be so high that you can't afford to move frequently.

The Process of a Migraine Occurs

Although not all migraine sufferers feel it all, the following four stages are general.


  1. Prodromal: prodromal is the stage before headaches. Body changes one or two days before the migraine attacks. This includes: mood, appetite, constipation, feeling thirsty and often urinating.
  2. Aura: usually, a disorder related to vision, such as flashes of blurry vision. The Aura is a symptom of the nervous system. Therefore, in some cases, patients can experience disorders in other organ systems such as verbal, sensory and motor disorders. This process can occur before or during a migraine. Even so, most sufferers do not experience this process.
  3. Headaches: severe headaches in one or both parts of the head, usually accompanied by sensitivity to light and sound, nausea and vomiting. This stage can take approximately 4-72 hours.
  4. Resolution or post-drome: when all symptoms gradually subside, and the person feels tired for several days.

Symptoms that accompany migraines

The symptoms of migraines take from four hours to three days to completely disappear. This can cause sufferers to feel tired for a week after a migraine. In addition to headaches, the following are other symptoms that often appear together or precede migraine headaches:

  1. You may feel nauseous, accompanied by vomiting.
  2. Lack of concentration.
  3. Feeling very cold or very hot to sweat.
  4. Stomach pain (sometimes causes diarrhea).
  5. Sensitive to light and sound that causes migraine sufferers to feel more comfortable in a dark and quiet place.


Not everyone feels the symptoms above when they have a migraine. These symptoms also do not always co-occur. In some cases, people can handle these symptoms without feeling migraine headaches.

Symptoms of Aura

Aura is a sign felt before a migraine attack. In some literature, the symptoms of Aura can also be called a prodrome. Research detects that Aura occurs mainly due to changes in chemicals in the brain. About 1 in 3 migraine sufferers experience an atmosphere before headaches appear.

Before a headache begins to be felt, symptoms of aura usually last between 5 minutes and an hour. Although problems are the most common symptom of a migraine, not all sufferers will handle it. Some sufferers only feel mild headaches, while others only experience symptoms of aura.

The following symptoms of aura may be felt:
  1. Numbness or perhaps tingling like needle sticking usually starts in one hand and goes up to the arms before touching on the face, lips, and tongue.
  2. Vision impairment. You like seeing flashes of light, winding patterns or dark dots.
  3. Balance loss and coordination of limbs. Patients will feel lost or confused.
  4. Difficulty talking.
  5. In rare cases, you can experience fainting.

Migraine Causes

Although the underlying cause of a migraine is not known with certainty, several risk factors are thought to trigger migraine attacks. The appearance of headaches is considered to be due to abnormal activity in the brain that affects blood vessels, nerve signals, and chemicals in the brain. Serotonin is a chemical in the brain that manages pain in the nervous system. Serotonin imbalance is also thought to trigger a migraine. Genetic and environmental factors can also make you more at risk for headaches.

1. Hormonal changes in women

Fluctuations in hormone levels in female patients are closely related to a migraine. Some women develop headaches during menstruation. This condition is known as a menstrual migraine. Estrogen hormone levels that decrease right before a woman has a menstrual period are thought to be the cause of headaches.

Women can experience menstrual migraines from two days before the first day of menstruation to three days after the first day of menstruation or in other periods that are still close to menstrual periods.

Menopause can also be a migraine trigger, although there are some women with migraines who feel this disease actually improves after they enter menopause.

2. Trigger diet and food ingredients

The following are things related to diet that can trigger migraines, namely alcoholic beverages, tyramine substances in food, products containing caffeine (tea and coffee), irregular eating schedules, and dehydration conditions. Certain foods, such as chocolate, citrus fruits, and cheese can also trigger migraines.

3. Triggers from the surrounding environment

Some environmental factors can also be a trigger for someone suffering from this disease, such as:
  1. Smoking (or a room full of cigarette smoke)
  2. Sharp smell
  3. The light that is too bright
  4. Airless
  5. A flashing screen, such as a TV or computer screen
  6. Noises
  7. Climate change, such as changes in humidity or freezing temperatures

4. Emotional trigger yourself

A migraine can be triggered by irrational things, such as anxiety, stress, tension, shock, depression, and excessive emotions.

5. Physical triggers and habits

Physical conditions due to some lifestyle can also cause migraines, such as poor duration and quality of sleep, neck and shoulder tension, jet lag, fatigue. Changing work time, body posture, excellent weight training, and low blood sugar can also trigger migraines.

6. Effect of drugs

Some certain drugs can also trigger migraines, such as some types of sleeping tablets, contraceptive pills, hormone replacement therapies that are sometimes used to prevent menopause.

Migraine triggers are different for each individual so making a migraine diary can help people detect what risk factors are triggers for migraines.

Migraine Treatment

Migraines can have a significant impact on the lives of sufferers. You sometimes become unable to move frequently when you have this disease and need bed rest for a few days when and after a migraine. Several treatments and methods can effectively help prevent headaches so that there are not many disorders in the life of the sufferer.

Then how to treat a migraine? There is currently no single drug for a Migraine. Treatment is intended to prevent and reduce symptoms that occur. Lying in a dark room is often the most straightforward solution when a migraine attacks. One treatment that can help relieve the pain that is felt is by taking anti-vomiting drugs to reduce nausea and vomiting. Some other drugs are also commonly used to treat migraines, namely pain relievers, and triptans.

Although migraine attacks can sometimes worsen over time, generally the condition of the sufferer tends to improve in a matter of years.

When to seek medical help?

If you experience a migraine attack more than five days a month or if the pain is not treated with drugs that are sold freely at the pharmacy, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Also, you need to be vigilant because certain headaches can refer to other serious diseases, such as stroke or meningitis, especially with the following symptoms:
  1. Unbearable problems that occur suddenly and have never been felt.
  2. The arms and or one side of the face, or all of them, feel weak or paralyzed.
  3. Headaches that together with fever, seizures, stiff neck, confusion, double vision, and skin rashes.
  4. Talk and lip movements are difficult to understand.

Certain headaches can also refer to other serious diseases, such as stroke or meningitis. Symptoms to watch out for include:
  1. Very severe problems that occur suddenly and have never been felt before.
  2. The arms and/or one side of the face or the whole face, feel limp or paralyzed.
  3. Headaches that together with fever, stiff neck, confusion, convulsions, double vision, and skin rashes.
  4. Talk and lip movements that are difficult to understand.

If you experience or see someone experiencing the symptoms above, take it to the hospital immediately or call an ambulance.

A migraine is a common disease that is often considered a condition that does not need to be specifically addressed. Even so, you are still advised to consult a doctor if you have a migraine attack more than five days a month or if the pain is not treated with drugs that are sold freely on the market. It is not recommended to consume too many pain-relieving drugs continuously because later it can complicate healing headaches.

Thursday, August 23, 2018

20 Best Headache Treatment Without Medicine

20 Best Headache Treatment Without Medicine

20 Best Headache Treatment Without Medicine - Almost all people in this world have experienced headaches and even often attack while doing activities. Many things can trigger problems such as late eating, lack of sleep, or experiencing severe stress. Headaches for some people are seen as a non-serious illness. Although not severe, headaches certainly cannot be underestimated. Problems can hamper our activities because it is difficult to concentrate.

Home Remedies for Headache

Many prefer to take headache medication as a way to relieve headaches quickly. Consuming drugs continuously will undoubtedly have an impact on health because the chemicals that continue to enter the body. Aspirin, one of the medications for relieving headaches that you keep to drink in large quantities and often can even damage your kidneys.

20 Best Headache Treatment Without Medicine

No need to rush to eliminate headaches using drugs. There are ways to relieve problems naturally, traditionally and without drugs. So you don't need to spend money to buy drugs. For those of you who are at home, can do the following to cure headaches.

1. Increase in drinking mineral water

Sometimes headaches are an indication or warning of the body that blood flow and oxygen to the brain are disrupted so that the brain lacks oxygen and blood. Therefore, when you experience headaches, the way to get rid of the problems that you need to do first is to drink lots of mineral water so that you do not experience dehydration which causes the body to lack fluids, so you experience headaches.

2. Use an ice pack for Headache

Frozen water or ice cubes have cold properties, this can be used as a headache or a migraine. A cold sensation of an ice pack will relax the muscles so that a problem disappears by itself. The trick is to wrap the ice cubes with a cloth and then wipe the affected part of the head. Ice packs can also be used as a way to eliminate back headaches.

3. Eat the potatoes

Potatoes are a vital source of potassium for the body. If your body lacks potassium, it can also cause headaches. For headaches to disappear, immediately consume boiled potatoes. Enough with boiled potatoes, not other types of processed potatoes because it will make potatoes have saturated potatoes like french fries.

4. Eat the bananas

Bananas contain high potassium and magnesium compounds. That is what can eliminate dull headaches. To use bananas as a way to eradicate flat problems, consume at least 3 bananas every day regularly.

5. Eat foods or drinks that contain mint

One of the causes of headaches can be because you are late eating or because of an ulcer. Problems caused by ulcers are undoubtedly different from other types of headaches. One of the drugs that can cause your stomach ulcer is getting acute. Eating foods or drinks that contain mint such as mint candy, mint tea, etc. are the right way to relieve headaches due to an ulcer.

6. Consuming coffee but not excessive

It may sound strange that the way to get rid of headaches is by drinking coffee. This will indeed be a little contradictory. On the one hand, most drinking coffee hurts health. Caffeine in coffee if consumed continuously can cause an increase in heart rate so that the heart often feels palpitating, the impact of coffee also makes headaches due to constriction of blood vessels.
But on the other hand, caffeine content can calm the nervous system that is tense because of experiencing headaches. That's enough to drink 1 cup of coffee to calm your nerves. Of course, for those of you who are already addicted to coffee, it would be better if coffee intake is reduced.

7. Eucalyptus oil

Fragrant eucalyptus oil can make the nerves become relaxed and can also calm your mind. Eucalyptus is an herbal plant that is rich in cineol, terpineol, valerate aldehyde, and butyrate which can be used as a way to eliminate headaches.

8. Inhaling oil or aromatherapy candles

Another way to relax the nerves so that a headache is gone is to inhale aromatherapy oil or wax. It can also calm your mind so that the mind relaxes and the problems disappear.

9. Inhale warm steam mixed with eucalyptus oil

The way to get rid of headaches by inhaling others is by breathing heated vapor mixed with eucalyptus oil. The steam you breathe can relax your mind so that a problem subsides. The trick is to drop a few drops of eucalyptus oil into the hot water. Inhale deeply in the warm steam.

10. Consume sesame seeds

Sesame seeds are rich in vitamin E which can be used as a way to relieve headaches quickly. Not only that, but high magnesium content can also be used as a way to ease back problems. Eat sesame seeds every day so that headaches go away and not come back.

How to Relieve Headaches During Activity

The above methods are only natural to do if you are at home or are not doing activities outside the home. But how to deal with headaches when you are working or doing other activities outside?

20 Best Headache Treatment Without Medicine

For those of you who spend more time outside the home also do not need to use chemical drugs to relieve headaches. Because there are a few simple tips that can help you to reduce a sudden head problem. Of course, you can practice these tips for those of you who are at home too.

11. Press the big toe

In reflexology, the big toe is related to the head nerve. Giving a little pressure on the thumb will usually relieve headaches.

12. Use a small ball to massage

Of course, exercise will be hampered if a headache attacks you. These tips are very suitable for those who love tennis or sports that use small balls the size of tennis balls. To overcome the head problem, you can take two tennis balls, align. After that, lie down and position the ball behind the neck. Slowly, give a little pressure as if the ball is massaging the neck. This will help calm the suboccipital muscles which are the leading causes of tension pain headaches.

13. Eat something

Nutritionist, Alexis Poole said, your brain needs the energy to function. If the glucose level drops too low, then one of the effects is a headache. So eat something that can produce electricity for your body so that your problems are gone.

14. Bite the cayenne pepper

It turns out that the active ingredient in chili is capsaicin, which has been proven to relieve headaches for migraine sufferers.

15. Head down

Many headaches are caused by tension in the neck muscles. Lowering or tilting the head will help relieve problems.
"Bend your head, tuck your chin on your upper chest," said the writer of The Stretching Bible, Lexie Williamson. Next, lift your head up for some time.

16. Rest your eyes from the computer layer

Too much in front of the screen can cause computer vision syndrome, with symptoms including dry eyes and headaches. Ophthalmologist Bhavin Shah recommends resting eyes 15-20 minutes every 50 minutes. This will relieve headaches and eye strain. And remember the 20-20-20 rule, every 20 minutes working in front of a computer, take the time to look away from the monitor screen for 20 seconds to another point that is 20 feet (about 6 meters).

17. Use sunglasses

Sun glare can also trigger migraines and headaches in some people, Bhavin said. To prevent this, look for polarized glasses that have a special filter.

18. Focus on other body parts

Often when headaches, you only focus on eye discomfort and forget about other body parts. An integrated health expert, David James Lees said, a simple Tao meditation technique called "becoming the observer" can overcome headaches.

"Sit or lie down. Close your eyes. Breathe slowly and deeply. Now move your attention from your headache and focus on your entire body. Notice how other parts of your body are. Then shift your attention to the environment around you. Watch and enjoy all the sensations that you can feel, hear and smell. Continue to relax and retake a deep breath, "he said.

19. Press He-Gu

The acupuncture method is also useful in preventing and treating headaches. According to David James Lees, several acupressure points help relieve problems, one of which is He Gu or Union Valley.
"This is a strong point located between the thumb and forefinger. Put pressure on the four and hold for three seconds and release. Repeat three times in both hands. This will help relieve headaches."

20. Calm down

Most of us often breathe too short so that the supply of oxygen to the blood vessels in the brain is small and results in headaches. Try to focus and calm yourself. Take a deep breath and imagine the lungs full of air, then let it all slowly come out with a deep breath.

Monday, August 20, 2018

The Effective Weight Loss Through Mayo Diet

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The Effective Weight Loss Through the Mayo Diet - Having the ideal body shape is the dream of everyone, especially women. Many women complain because their stomachs are bulging, the cheeks are chubby, arms are sagging, or thighs are large and so on. To overcome this problem many men and women do various kinds of sports, keeping food up to dieting, one of them with the mayo diet.

The Weight Loss Program: A Mayo Diet

The Effective Weight Loss Through Mayo Diet

You may have heard about the mayo diet. Or maybe you've lived it? This diet has become popular as a steady diet for weight loss. The first time, the mayo diet was developed by the Mayo Clinic in the United States, so this diet is known as the mayo diet. Many say diets that rely on these foods without salt can effectively lose weight up to 5 kg in two weeks.

What is a mayo diet?

A long-circulating diet mayo is a type of diet that mainly limits the consumption of carbohydrates and salt. Those who follow the Mayo diet will be asked to comply with existing rules and restrictions for 13 days. This diet promises a weight loss of up to 7 kg during the 13-day cycle.

Nowadays many catering foods provide a 13-day diet menu of mayo if you notice. Usually, the type of cuisine that is served is processed by steaming or baking. There is no rice, the list is dominated by vegetables and protein sources. Don't forget that the food is prepared without salt.

The researchers also refer to this diet with the fad diet, which means that its benefits cannot be proven for health and its effects are not known for the long term. A fast weight loss claim in a mayo diet can be due to a drastic reduction in your carbohydrate intake.

Why is weight loss drastically due to a mayo diet?

As the primary energy source, carbohydrates in the body will be stored in the form of glycogen which is then used as fuel for your activities. When this glycogen reserve runs out, the agency will use fat as an energy source.

However, when your body is still not getting carbohydrates, over time the protein that will be broken down is used as an energy source. Because your body cannot store protein like storing carbohydrates, the body loses protein for a long time. Amino acids can no longer be used to repair damaged body cells. The most visible sign when your body lacks protein is a decrease in muscle mass. This can cause you to look thin.

What are the consequences if we limit salt intake?

Limiting the consumption of salt in this diet is claimed to reduce weight. This is not entirely wrong because salt is binding to water in the body. If you know the term bloating, the agency "swells" then salt is one of the causes of bloating. Or if you feel you are always thirsty after eating salty foods, the nature of binding water to salt is what is happening to your body.

Mayo diet significantly limits salt consumption, so it's not impossible that you become urinating frequently. This is because no salt can bind water in your body. Salt also contains sodium, an electrolyte compound that works to maintain fluid balance in the body. Because there is no water bound and the frequency of urination increases, you experience drastic weight loss caused by loss of body fluids.

Side effects of diet without salt

One of the results of a mayo diet is the yo-yo effect. When the 13-day cycle of your diet may be finished, you return to your old food, and weight gain occurs. Because diet mayo only limits your calories without a change in overall lifestyle, then when you go back to eating like before dieting, your weight also slowly returns to its original state.

Going on a mayo diet for an extended period of time is not recommended, because it limits the types of certain nutrients and calories that cause you to be susceptible to a lack of nutrients.

How the Mayo Diet Works?

The Effective Weight Loss Through Mayo Diet

When we do a mayo diet that lasts for 13 days, then the salt and water in our body undergo a process of excretion from urine and feces. When this happens, and our collection does not get salt intake and food that can increase the volume of water in the body (because fat causes one of them is water in the body) then our body will lose weight.

The mayo diet that has been published since 2010 has produced significant results. Based on the research after carrying out this mayo clinic diet program, weight dropped quite a lot, and the chemical conditions in our body tend to be better than before. For the sake of health, it's good to do a diet mayo at least once a year.

The way the Mayo Diet works is similar to Slimming using Cavitation in Tokyo Belle, which is pushing fat into the disposal. Cavitation will destroy fat, then Rf melt then Vacuum is responsible for driving fat away through the sewer. This effectively reduces weight and tightens the body. So a Cavitation + Rf + Vacuum-assisted diet is the best choice for a healthy body and ideal body shape.

Good and Bad Effects of the Mayo Diet Program for Health

The many diet programs that exist make us have to know what are the effects of the weight loss program that we live. Don't get the wrong choice of a diet program and end up on an extreme diet. Mayo diet is a weight loss program by implementing a healthy diet and regular exercise settings. However, what is the effect of good and evil on people who do mayo menus?

The Effective Weight Loss Through Mayo Diet

Indeed, this mayo diet program is also called fad diet by researchers whose benefits for health cannot be ascertained when carried out continuously for a long time. But there is definitely something that will happen to the body and affect your health if you undergo this mayo diet. Here's the explanation!

Good effect

In general, losing weight by following a healthy and nutritious diet such as the mayo diet can also reduce the risk of health problems, such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure.
Also, the habits and types of foods recommended in the Mayo diet, such as eating lots of vegetables, fruits, seeds, nuts, fish, and healthy fats can reduce the risk of certain health conditions.
The mayo diet program is intended to have a good, positive, active, sustainable and enjoyable effect so that you can enjoy a happier and healthier life in the long run.

Bad effect

Mayo diet is generally safe for adults, so the consumption of vegetables and fruits is not restricted. Most people think consuming lots of fruits and vegetables is a good thing. But if you are not familiar with it, you may experience a slight temporary change in digestive problems because the body must adjust to a new diet.

Also, the natural sugar in fruit can indeed affect carbohydrate intake, mainly if you eat a lot of fruit so it can increase blood sugar or certain blood fats. These effects can be reduced if you lose weight.

If you have diabetes or other health conditions, you are advised to consult with your doctor before taking a mayo diet to adjust to your body condition. For example, diabetics must consume more vegetables than fruits. If possible, make plants as a snack and reduce snacking on fruit.

Sunday, August 19, 2018

Gym Workout Tips for Beginners

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Gym Workout Tips for Beginners

Gym Workout Tips for Beginners


Healthints - Exercise is like a magic pill for you, because exercise can really cure some diseases such as heart disease. Sports has proven to have helped people prevent or recover from certain types of cancer. Exercise benefits people who suffer from arthritis, and also by exercising can help people avoid and overcome depression.

For those of you who are lazy to exercise then suddenly intend to try a gym workout, it is a good program. A gym workout is one activity that can maintain your health and fitness.

It is undeniable that many people who routinely gym experience weight loss. Of course, this only happens if gym activities are carried out correctly and regularly. But for those of you who are beginners, you don't need to go through a heavy gym schedule. Any slight benefit from physical activity will encourage weight loss, and you will feel better.

What Should I Do on The First Day at The Gym?

Gym Workout Tips for Beginners

In any sport, keep in mind that it is essential for you to recognise the risks of injury. Don't forget to not practice too much. There are 5 gym workout tips that you can do for you beginners to avoid damage and get optimal benefits.

1. Start slowly

When you just start a gym, don't do it 5 days a week, it can be a 'disaster' for you. Start slowly. It would be better if you do it gradually every few days. The recommendations issued by experts today are to do it 2-3 days per week, at least 30 minutes per day. But for you beginners you can do it 1-2 days per week.

2. Don't forget stretching

In addition to warming up, don't forget to spread the muscles before and after doing the exercises in the gym. Heating and stretching will reduce the risk of injury during training. When you warm up, you have to stretch your muscles and hold them for about 15 seconds. You will avoid damage if you do it correctly and adequately.

3. Don't just one field

When practising at the gym, we can do any activity according to the health and fitness targets that we want to achieve. Just like exercising at home or outdoors, you can combine various fields of your sport. So in one day, don't just do the same thing, but do it alternately with other activities. Don't run every day. You will be bored. Try another one, and you will enjoy it.

Don't forget to do various sports that you can do for body fitness, such as aerobics, strength sports (resistance), flexibility (including yoga), and balance exercise. Likewise, when undergoing strength training, do not just focus on one area of the body just like your arms or chest. Pay the same attention to all areas of your body such as the stomach, calves, shoulders, back, and so on.

4. Know the weight of the load and the correct way to use fitness equipment

Most beginners are confused when they first enter the gym, but most of them are more afraid to ask for help. If you don't understand, try to ask. At the gym, many people will help your fitness program with the tools in the gym, and asking questions will help you avoid injuries caused by yourself. Because they are lazy to ask, beginners who immediately start training with the most onerous burden they can lift. Even though it should start from the lightest one first.

It is highly recommended that you do not increase the weight of the load in each week so that injury does not occur and can get the best benefits from the fitness that you are going through. Most gyms have a lot of staff ready to help you explain how to properly use specific tools, as well as tell what the device functions.

5. Know when time to rest

You might think that the gym every day is good, but it really isn't. We also need to take a break to keep up with the sport. Because if there is no rest, the body and muscles do not have time to recover. If you don't give a rest time for your body to heal and improve itself, your performance will go down, and you will be hard to recover fully. If you feel pain or pain after a gym (not due to injury), that's good, because that means your muscles have begun to feel the effects. It is recommended not to use painkillers and let them recover naturally.

Tips For Doing A Gym Workout When You at Home

Gym Workout Tips for Beginners

Regular exercise every day is essential to maintain body fitness. Joining a fitness club can be an option, but if you prefer to exercise at home, some household activities can be used as a substitute for physical exercise.

These activities can be an alternative sport, especially for housewives or working women as well as mothers who are too busy to exercise at the gym. What are these activities? See below!

1. Don't lazy up to the stairs

If your house is two-story and has stairs, you can exercise by riding it. For starters, step on one step, then go down again. Repeat this movement on the first step ten times. Then go up to the next level, then go down one more step. Do it up to ten times.

For those who do it for the first time, maybe the foot will feel pain afterwards, but it's a normal reaction. If you feel dizzy or the room feels swaying, do it slowly. Starting from three steps, then add the number of steps you climb in a week and a month later.

2. Lifting Laundry

Laundry baskets full of dirty clothes are indeed the most laborious household chores. But it can be a property to train hands. Hold the bucket over your head, then lift it and lower it. Do this movement at least three times. If the basket is too heavy, remove some clothes. This movement is used to train the shoulders, upper arms, and upper back muscles. Vary this exercise by lying down and lifting and lowering the basket right in the chest.

3. Sports When Pause TV Program Ads

We are usually upset about the commercial break when watching your favourite TV shows. Now, you can take advantage of the duration of the ad for five minutes by exercising, while waiting for the re-broadcast favourite event. Do little sit-ups, push-ups, jumping jacks or squats. Let your heart rate increase. Perform the movement every time the ad takes place.

4. Swivel Chair

If you have an office chair that has wheels under it, you can train your bicep muscles only from your desk. When sitting in a chair, hold on to the edge of the table and use your hand muscles to pull the chair closer to the table. Then push your body away from the table. Do it 20 times, or as much as you can.

That's how some gym tips you can practice at home if you don't have time to go to the gym. Or do you want to try other movements that are almost movements in the gym? Read the article below!

This simple movement without us knowing it seems to be able to provide excellent benefits for our health. So don't forget to do it regularly every day for maximum results!

Saturday, August 18, 2018

The Benefits and Risks of The Ketogenic Diet That You Need to Know

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The Benefits and Risks of The Ketogenic Diet That You Need to Know

The Benefits and Risks of The Ketogenic Diet That You Need to Know - Ever heard of the term ketogenic diet? Diets are also often referred to as the keto diet is classified as a diet that is quite extreme and promoted as a diet that only takes a short time. The ketogenic diet or diet keto was first known in the 1920s as a diet for the treatment of epilepsy. Although it has been known since four decades ago, the ketogenic diet still reaps controversy regarding its benefits and safety until now.

What is A Ketogenic Diet?

Ketogenic diet or known as keto diet is a diet pattern high in fat and medium protein, and shallow carbohydrate content given to treat epilepsy and other diseases, ranging from children, adolescents, to adults. If regular fat consumption is around 20-30%, the ketogenic diet recommends that fat intake reach 60-70%.

Why is It Called Keto?

The ketogenic name refers to an increase in ketone production in the body as a result of this particular diet. Ketones are three compounds that are formed during fat metabolism and are usually released through urine. Abnormal high ketone levels are called ketosis, and this condition is the goal of the ketogenic diet. Ketosis is believed to help control the frequency and severity of epileptic seizures, although the reason is not fully understood.

Ketosis is actually a condition of mild ketoacidosis, a dangerous situation that is common in patients with type 1 diabetes. Although there are many pros and cons of this diet, several studies show that keto diets are safe and effective to do, especially by people who are overweight. Or obesity provided this diet is carried out for a certain time limit and under the supervision of a doctor.

Benefits of The Ketogenic Diet

The keto diet was first introduced by Dr. Gianfranco Cappello, a professor from Sapienza University in Italy. In his study, more than 19,000 keto diet participants experienced rapid weight loss with minimal side effects. Also, most participants also did not experience significant weight gain after one year.

According to his research report, the average participant experienced a weight loss of 10.2 kg after 2.5 cycles of the ketogenic diet. Capello concludes that this diet method is an excellent way to lose weight in obese people with side effects such as minimal fatigue.

Rudy Mawer, a nutrition expert in the field of sports, added that there are many advantages to this method. One of them is a fast result. Also, the ketogenic diet has a simple concept of eliminating one class of food (carbohydrates), making everyone easy to understand. The keto diet also makes a person feel full even though they eat fewer calories.

On the other hand, Bette Klein, a nutritionist at Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital uses this method to relieve symptoms of epilepsy in children. He stated that this diet was effectively applied to children who were not able to be treated with two types of anti-epileptic drugs. Approximately 50% of children who undergo this diet experience a decrease in seizure frequency. However, until now it is not known precisely what caused this to happen.

Deficiencies On the Ketogenic Diet

Lisa Cimperman, a nutritionist from Cleveland, disagrees with this type of diet. He explained that the reduced weight when a person is on a ketogenic diet is the weight of water in the body. When the body goes into a state of ketosis, a person will immediately lose muscle mass and become very tired.

In short, in this phase, a person will enter the hunger phase. And when someone is in the hunger phase, then the person tends to be more challenging to lose weight

Other nutritionists say that this diet must be tightly controlled by medical personnel and should only be done in a short time. According to him, this method can just be done in extreme cases and gives more harm than profit when applied to most populations. A ketogenic diet can damage muscles, including the heart muscle. He argues that there are still many other diet methods that are more profitable.

What do the experts think?

  1. The ketogenic diet has long been the subject of some scientific studies, and in general research results support the use of the ketogenic diet to prevent epileptic attacks in patients.
  2. Further research is still ongoing, and scientists hope to quickly formulate drugs that have the same effect as these diets without causing side effects.
  3. Recent research from other fields tests the use of the ketogenic diet for healing other diseases. The results show that the ketogenic diet is efficacious for treating patients suffering from glucose-carrying disorders (a genetically inherited illness because glucose in the blood cannot penetrate the blood-brain barrier) and some people have a metabolic disorder from birth.
  4. In 2006, a group of researchers at Mount Sinai medical school in New York reported that the use of this diet gave hope for a decrease in the development of ALS, a fatal disease that develops rapidly and attacks nerve cells that regulate body movements.

How to get the right Ketogenic diet

For those who are interested in a keto diet, you must be prepared to reduce the consumption of carbohydrates in sufficient quantities every day. The standard ketone diet (standard ketogenic diet) is a diet in the form of 75% fat consumption, 20% protein consumption and 5% carbohydrate consumption.

The Benefits and Risks of The Ketogenic Diet That You Need to Know

While a protein-rich diet (protein-rich ketamine diet) has a portion of protein consumption. The menu used is 60% fat, 5% carbohydrate, 35% protein. Also, there are other types of keto diets that are more often done by athletes or bodybuilders, namely the cyclic ketogenic diet (CKD) and targeted ketogenic nutrients.

So, what foods are avoided or recommended in the keto diet? The fat-rich foods recommended in the keto diet are:
  • Eggs, especially those with omega-3.
  • Meat, chicken, turkey, sausages, steaks and other meat products.
  • Tuna, salmon, mackerel.
  • Ream, butter, and cheese.
  • Green vegetables, tomatoes, onions, peppers, and other plants contain little carbohydrates.
  • Nuts and seeds, such as almonds, sesame, chia and pumpkin seeds.
  • Avocados, both consumed directly and in the form of a kitchen.
  • Olive oil, avocado oil or coconut oil.
  • Salt, pepper and various natural ingredients.

Meanwhile, the types of carbohydrates that are avoided include:
  • Rice, pasta, breakfast cereals, and whole grain products.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Tubers, such as sweet potatoes, potatoes, carrots.
  • Sweet foods or drinks, such as sweets, ice cream, cakes, fruit juices, and soft drinks.
  • Unhealthy fats, derived from vegetable oil or mayonnaise.
  • Drinks containing alcohol.

Keto diet is recommended for the short-term (from 2-3 weeks to a maximum limit of 6-12 months) to reduce body fat and improve health, followed by a healthy lifestyle. This is to prevent the risk of health problems that can occur if the keto diet is done in the long term.

Take into account the risk of a ketogenic diet

Some risks that can occur during a long-term keto diet:
  • Lack of healthy carbohydrate intake, such as fruits, seeds, nuts, seeds and vegetables rich in carbohydrates.
  • The benefits of losing the vitamins and minerals your body needs.
  • Kidney disorders, if the consumption of protein in the long run continuously exceeds the recommended portion.
  • Increased risk of ketoacidosis.

Remember that you may experience symptoms during a keto diet. This is known as "keto-flu" which appears during the adjustment process. Some complaints that might occur are:
  • The body feels weak
  • Excited
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Nausea
  • Disturbing hunger
  • Reduce concentration skills

Although this is not always the case, this symptom can be very much when starting a keto diet. Generally, it will decrease, once you get used to this diet. Consider the various benefits and risks of diet keto before you pass it. Don't be tempted by the interests of rapid weight loss, because there is a risk of dangerous ketoacidosis.

In principle, every diet done will not always produce the same results for everyone. So adjusting the type of food to the circumstances, needs and possibilities of the body are highly recommended. If necessary, consult a doctor or nutritionist before following the keto diet.

Conclusion

The ketogenic diet has been shown to be beneficial for epilepsy, metabolic diseases, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. Currently, there is also intense research on the benefits of the ketogenic diet for various other conditions. On the other hand, the ketogenic diet has side effects on bone growth, especially for children. The use of the ketogenic diet must consider the benefits and side effects that might occur. Monitoring is needed for patients who want to undergo a long-term ketogenic diet related to the risk of side effects that may arise.