Friday, November 30, 2018

Types of Digestive Disorders

Types of Digestive Disorders

Types of Digestive Disorders

Types of Digestive Disorders - It has a significant role to store and break down food or drinks, that's why we need to maintain gastric health. If not, then the gastric function will not run regularly and can invite a variety of gastric diseases.

If a gastric function has a problem, usually someone will feel some symptoms such as pain in the pit of the stomach, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain that appears after eating certain foods or drinks.

Types of Digestive Disorders

Conditions like this certainly can significantly disrupt your daily activities and routines. Therefore, keep your stomach healthy to avoid the following kinds of diseases.

1. Gastritis

Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach due to stomach acid which damages the protective lining of the stomach wall. Gastritis can injure the stomach wall if the stomach lining has been eroded due to stomach acid, causing stomach pain, bleeding, and gastric ulcer. Some causes of gastritis are excessive consumption of drinks containing alcohol or caffeine, experiencing stress, side effects of drugs such as ibuprofen or aspirin, even infections or autoimmune disorders.

Sometimes gastritis does not cause any symptoms. But symptoms such as feeling full, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, some people can experience it.

2. GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)

GERD, also known as gastric acid reflux disease, is a condition in which stomach acid and stomach contents rise to the esophagus or esophagus, irritating the esophageal wall and heartburn. This condition makes the sufferer feel bloated, feels acid in the oral cavity due to increased stomach acid, the chest and throat feel painful and blocked, hiccups, belching, dry cough until it is difficult to swallow food.

Some factors that increase the risk of GERD are the habit of consuming alcoholic beverages, tea, and coffee; like to smoke; sleep after eating, and overweight. If left unchecked, then this condition can get worse.

Gastric acid can irritate the esophageal wall resulting in inflammation, bleeding, narrowing of the esophagus due to scar tissue from wounds that dry out, even increasing the risk of esophageal cancer.

3. Stomach ulcers

Gastric ulcer is a wound found in the stomach wall due to the erosion of the stomach lining. This wound can also appear in the upper part of the small intestine. The most common cause is infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, in the long term.

The symptoms will worsen if you smoke or consume alcoholic beverages and eat spicy foods. Therefore, you must limit your consumption.

Symptoms are severe pain in the pit of the stomach, flatulence, belching, decreased appetite, weight loss, rapid satiety, nausea and vomiting, stomach discomfort after eating fatty foods, and open defecation.

4. Dyspepsia

This condition is a collection of symptoms that arise due to the disease in the upper abdomen. Symptoms include natural satiety, abdominal discomfort, and heartburn after eating. Also, someone who has dyspepsia can even feel nausea, bloating, and the stomach feels hot.

This condition often has something to do with gastric ulcer disease, gastritis, and stomach cancer. However, sometimes the appearance of dyspepsia is not related to the presence of a common illness. This condition is called functional dyspepsia.

Dyspepsia can still be overcome by undergoing a healthy diet and staying away from food or drinks that trigger symptoms. But, if you experience other symptoms such as vomiting blood, difficulty swallowing food, frequent vomiting, stomach swelling, until the weight drops without an apparent reason, then immediately consult your condition to the doctor.

5. Gastric Cancer

Another stomach disease that is dangerous is gastric cancer. This cancer occurs when cancer cells form in your stomach lining. These cells can grow into tumors and usually develop slowly over many years.

The exact cause of gastric cancer is not yet known for sure. However, several factors can increase your risk of gastric cancer, including H. pylori bacterial infection, smoking, obesity, aged over 55 years, eating red meat, salt, and rarely consuming fiber.

6. Gastroparesis

The Gastroparesis is a disease in which the stomach digests more slowly. Conditions that interfere with gastric function occur when the muscles of the stomach wall do not work correctly so that the digestive function of the stomach becomes disrupted.

Gastroparesis arises because of a disturbance in the stomach nerves. Here are some risk factors that can increase the likelihood of someone affected by this condition, such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, a history of gastrointestinal surgery, radiation therapy to the abdomen in cases of cancer, and side effects of medications, for example, the narcotic pain relievers. Diseases of the stomach not only interfere with activity but also overall health due to the disruption of digestion and nutritional intake. Therefore, you must maintain gastric health by paying more attention to lifestyle and diet. If you experience symptoms of gastric disorders, then immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

Facial Skin Exfoliation: Causes and Treatment

Facial Skin Exfoliation: Causes and Treatment
Photo by Andreas Fidler on Unsplash

Facial Skin Exfoliation: Causes and Treatment

Facial skin exfoliation: Causes and Treatment - Facial skin exfoliation is a normal process that occurs as a response to the body to remove layers of dead skin. But this process is sometimes followed by other symptoms such as rash, itching, and dryness, which are possible causes such as skin irritation, sun exposure, infection, or allergies.

Flaking skin does not only occur on the surface of the face, but can also occur on the surface of other body parts, such as the hands, feet, around the nails, or other areas of the body. What makes facial skin flake off? How to handle it? Let's look at the following explanation.

Causes of Exfoliating Facial Skin

Here are some of the reasons for facial skin exfoliation:

1. Sunburn

Frequent exposure to sunlight can make facial skin flake off. Before peeling, the phase you will experience is that the skin is red and painful and hot to the touch. Usually, this happens about a few hours after exposure to sunlight. A few days later, the damaged skin layer will peel off, and the skin will heal on its own. This peel may make the skin color uneven and look like a pattern.

2. Dry skin

For those of you (men/women) who have dry skin types, you are at high risk of experiencing flaking facial skin, especially if you are always in contact with water, soap or cream containing irritating substances, hot water, very hot and cold weather, and sunlight. The aging process can also make skin dry.

Having dry skin is not dangerous, but there is also dry skin caused by severe disorders, such as Ichthyosis. Ichthyosis is a skin disorder caused by hereditary factors.

3. Atopic dermatitis (eczema)

This condition is chronic (long-term) and tends to recur frequently. Currently, there is no definite cause for disease, but many associates that the reasons are dry skin, weather, impaired immune system, Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, and genetic factors.

Until now there is no cure for atopic dermatitis. However, some treatments can prevent the skin from peeling and relieve itching.

4. Side effects of drugs

Some medicines such as retinoid cream, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) apparently can make facial skin flake off. Retinoid creams are commonly used to treat acne, reduce wrinkles, and brighten brown spots on the skin. This cream works by pushing skin cells to die and regenerate. As a result, the top layer of facial skin peels to pave the way for the growth of new skin cells. Also, the side effects of chemotherapy drugs, drug allergies such as antibiotics, epilepsy drugs, and certain blood pressure-lowering drugs can also make the skin flake off.

5. Allergy

Some people often experience allergies. When facial skin comes in contact with allergens (allergens), the skin can react. Not only exfoliation, but the reaction may also cause itching, rashes or blisters.

6. Atopic dermatitis (eczema)

This condition is chronic (long-term) and tends to recur frequently. Currently, there is no definite cause for disease, but many associates that the reasons are dry skin, weather, impaired immune system, Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, and genetic factors.

How to Deal With Facial Skin Exfoliation

Overcoming facial peeling skin must be adjusted to the cause. But in general, flaking skin can be handled in the following ways:
  1. Compress the surface with cold water.
  2. Consume lots of water.
  3. Routinely applying moisturizer, especially after bathing.
  4. Do not scratch the flaking facial skin because it can aggravate the condition and cause infection.
  5. Avoid exposure to substances or chemicals that can irritate the skin. Replace facial soap with soft soap that is safe for the skin.

In addition to the simple treatments above, you can take additional care if you experience facial peels caused by certain diseases or conditions that you encounter. Among them:
  • How to deal with facial skin peeling due to allergies, namely taking antihistamine drugs. This drug can relieve reactions caused by allergies.
  • You should meet and consult a doctor if you have eczema. It's possible that the doctor will prescribe creams containing corticosteroids, tacrolimus or pimecrolimus. Doctors may also recommend a therapy that is similar to light treatment.
  • To overcome exfoliation that causing by the effect of the drug can by stopping the consume. But if you are undergoing chemotherapy, you should consult a doctor to get further treatment.
  • It's good to deal with the shedding of facial skin due to genetic disease is to consult a doctor to get the right treatment immediately.
  • As long as facial skin peels, you are advised to avoid things that can worsen skin conditions, such as sun exposure, soaps, creams, lotions and cosmetics that contain irritating ingredients, hot water, and extreme weather conditions such as very cold or hot.

Wednesday, November 28, 2018

What are The Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain?

What are The Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain?

What are The Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain?

What are The Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain? - Many things can cause the left lower abdominal pain. Can be due to a condition or minor illness, such as entering ovulation or due to hardened stools. It can also be due to severe diseases, such as kidney stones, ovarian cysts, or cancer.

Mild left stomach pain usually will decrease within one or two days. But if you have been injured in an accident before, immediately consult a doctor if you experience it. Likewise, if a complaint of left stomach pain continues to be felt and does not improve so that treatment can be by the cause.

The Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain

Various Conditions and Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain
We can estimate the cause of pain from the source of the appearance of pain. The following are some of the causes of left stomach pain that are distinguished into the upper left abdomen and lower left abdomen.

Here are the causes of upper left abdominal pain:
  1. Injury
  2. The Kidney Infection
  3. The Kidney Stones
  4. The Hardened Stool
  5. The Large Intestine
  6. Gastritis or inflammation of the stomach
  7. The Diverticulitis
  8. The Inflammation of the pancreas
  9. Pneumonia
  10. Heart attack
  11. Cancer

Causes of lower left abdominal pain:
  1. Injury
  2. Appendicitis
  3. Kidney or stone infection
  4. Diverticulitis
  5. The large intestine
  6. Crohn's disease
  7. Cancer

Especially for women, lower left stomach pain can be caused by:
  1. Ovarian cysts
  2. Pain due to ovulation
  3. Endometriosis
  4. The Infection of the fallopian tubes or/and ovaries
  5. Problems with the cervix

Also, several other conditions can also cause you to feel you left abdominal pain, both at the top and bottom. Among these are disorders of the digestive system such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and constipation, cramps due to menstruation, food poisoning, and allergies.

How to handle it?

Handling lower left abdominal pain must be adjusted to the cause. Mild conditions can generally be treated with simple home-style treatments or with over-the-counter drugs sold in pharmacies.

However, there are also those that need to be addressed with special treatment from a doctor, if the cause is quite severe. Therefore, it is essential to see a doctor if stomach pain is sustained, getting worse, or accompanied by pain with other symptoms such as fever, vomiting, and diarrhoea.
  • As an initial treatment, you can reduce the pain by doing simple things at home as below.
  • When the pain attacks the left stomach, it's better to lie down and rest until the pain decreases.
  • While lying down, you can also compress the sore stomach with a towel soaked in warm water.
  • Expand to consume water and drink slowly. Avoid filling your stomach with caffeinated or carbonated drinks, such as tea, coffee or soda. Also, avoid alcoholic beverages.
  • Avoid taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin.
  • Avoid spicy and high-fat foods to avoid getting worse pain.

In conditions like this, even though your appetite often decreases, your stomach still needs to be filled with food. Eat soft foods, such as rice, banana, biscuits, or bread. Try to consume in small amounts to avoid working too hard.

Check with your doctor or emergency unit at the nearest hospital if you have left stomach pain accompanied by very severe pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, the stomach appears enlarged or bulging, the stomach feels painful to the touch, or bloody stools. The same is true if the left stomach ache feels after you have had an accident, injury, or pain in the chest.

What are The Causes of Lower Right Abdominal Pain?

What are The Causes of The Lower Right Abdominal Pain?

What are The Causes of Lower Right Abdominal Pain?

What are the Causes of The Lower Right Abdominal Pain? - Various conditions can cause the lower right abdominal pain. Location of the part of the stomach that feels pain or pain can be a clue to the cause. What are the reasons? See the explanation below.

Many types of pain felt in the abdominal. Starting from mild pain that does not interfere, cramps, to sharp pain that feels piercing. Also, there is a type of abdominal pain that slowly strengthens to handle unbearable, then subside again — the thing that also needs to observe in the direction of the spread of torture and other symptoms that accompany it.

Causes of  The Lower Right Abdominal Pain and How to Overcome It

Some conditions can generally be the cause of lower right abdominal pain, namely:

1. Appendicitis
This condition occurs when there is a blockage in the appendix due to infection, resulting in swelling that needs to addressed as soon as possible. Appendicitis is characterized by lower right stomach pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting, bloating, constipation, and fever.

2. Gallstones
Gallstones do not always cause complaints. This condition will only become symptomatic if the stones block the bile duct and cause inflammation. Gallstones can cause pain in the upper right abdomen and feel radiating to the upper back, shoulders, and chest. Also, nausea and vomiting can accompany symptoms.

3. Cholecystitis
This disease is an inflammation of the gallbladder; gallstones often cause this condition. Symptoms can be in the form of upper right abdominal pain that feels sharp and can spread to the right shoulder. Other accompanying symptoms can be nausea, vomiting, fever, and jaundice.

4. Hepatitis
The Inflammation of the liver or Hepatitis is a disease that can be caused by several things, such as hepatitis B and C virus infections, consuming too much alcohol, to fatty liver. Symptoms of hepatitis can be in the form of abdominal pain in the right or upper right, nausea, vomiting, weakness, decreased appetite and the color of the stool that becomes leucorrhoea, and urine that is cloudy in color.

5. Ectopic Pregnancy
Namely a pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus, generally in the fallopian tube. The pain is on the right side of the lower abdomen. Maybe it can also feel on the left side, depending on the location of the fertilized egg.

Location Pain Can Also Determine Causes

In addition to the five common causes above, lower right abdominal pain can also we classifying according to location, which is above or below.

For the lower right stomach ache can be caused by:
  1. Injury
  2. Cervical disorders
  3. Endometriosis
  4. Kidney stones

Whereas, the upper right abdomen can be caused by:
  1. Gastritis or inflammation of the stomach.
  2. A Hiatus hernia
  3. Gastric ulcer
  4. Kidney stones, infections or cancers in the kidneys
  5. Inflammation or pancreatic cancer
  6. Cancer of the gallbladder

Efforts to Overcome This Health Disorder

To help relieve abdominal pain, try eating smaller portions. Do not carelessly take free drugs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, which may worsen the disorder.

If the stomach ache does not subside and continues, consult a doctor immediately. Avoid delaying the examination.

To treat lower right abdominal pain care must be taken based on the cause. If needed, the doctor will perform a supporting test in the form of a CT scan, ultrasound or X-ray of the stomach helps to determine the diagnosis and the cause.

Recognize Emergency Signs

Abdominal pain must immediately get help from a doctor or medical personnel if it occurs due to injury or accident.

Likewise, if the stomach ache is so severe that you are unable to sit down, abdominal pain accompanied by bloody bowel movements, ongoing nausea, and vomiting, yellow skin, or swelling in the stomach.

Consult your doctor if you experience right-sided abdominal pain, mainly if it occurs prolonged to disrupt your activities. Avoid efforts to overcome this pain by taking free drugs because if it is not suitable, it is risky to make the condition of the disease worse.

Saturday, November 17, 2018

7 Surprising Benefits of White Tea for Health

7 Surprising Benefits of White Tea for Health

7 Surprising Benefits of White Tea for Health - White tea is a tea derived from the Camellia Sinensis plant, similar to green tea. Although it comes from the same plant, white tea is taken from young tea leaves with different process methods, resulting in unique flavors and aromas.

White tea is a type of tea that does not undergo a complete fermentation process, where the processing of drying and evaporation is very short. White tea is taken only from selected tea leaves which are picked and harvested before they are fully blooming yet. White tea is well-known as the god of tea because it is made from the best leaf buds of each tree, and is called white tea because when picked up buds the leaves are still covered like fine white hair. The tea leaves are young shoots, then dried by the steam dried method or left to dry by air (air dried).

The White tea is including healthy drinks. The antioxidant content of white tea can reach three times more than green tea. With the material contained in it, white tea has the potential to provide many health benefits.

Benefits of White Tea for Health

According to research, white tea can help reduce the risk of heart disease, aging of the skin, losing weight, and so on. To be more explicit, you can listen to the reviews below:

1. Prevent obesity

White tea is believed to have anti-obesity effects. Research reveals that white tea extract can help destroy fat and inhibit the growth of new fat cells in the body. Therefore, this tea is one menu that is good for those of you who run a diet program.

2. Protect the skin from ultraviolet light

The benefits of white tea can not only be felt by drinking, but also applied on the surface of the skin. In this way, white tea can strengthen skin cells while protecting them from harmful ultraviolet rays.

3. Reducing the risk of heart problems

White tea contains flavonoids that are good for the heart and help widen the arteries. Also, white tea is also able to thin the blood, lower blood pressure, and reduce cholesterol.

4. Fight germs and prevent infection

White tea can fight bacteria, prevent disease, and even destroy disease-causing organisms. White tea is also proven to be able to fight germs more significantly than green tea.

5. Protect teeth from bacteria

White tea contains fluoride, tannins, and flavonoids. The natural substance content of fluoride in this type of tea reaches 34 percent, so making white tea is useful for reducing dental caries which usually occurs due to the influence of food scraps and bacteria.

6. Repair damaged cells

White tea contains antioxidants which can protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. White tea is also very effective in reducing inflammation of the skin due to free radicals.

7. Fight cancer cells

The content of antioxidants in white tea is also able to kill and stop the growth of individual cancer cells in the body, such as lung cancer and colon cancer.

The benefits of white tea are indeed very diverse. To keep the body healthy, balance the consumption of white tea with healthy and nutritious foods, and exercise regularly. If you have a particular health condition, you should consult a doctor about the appropriate portion of white tea.

Watering Eyes (Epiphora): Causes and Treatment

Watering Eyes (Epiphora): Causes and Treatment

Watering Eyes (Epiphora): Causes and Treatment - When winking, the glands in the eyelids will produce a little tear to moisturize your sense of sight and get rid of foreign objects from it. More tear production when you yawn, laugh out loud or cry. But, some people who may experience watery eyes continuously.

In addition to fluids that contain salt (tears), other glands in the eyelids also produce oil. This substance can prevent damage from evaporating too fast.

The Causes of Watery Eyes

Watery eyes can occur when oil-producing glands do not work correctly. These make the tears quickly evaporate and makes it dry faster. These dry eyes stimulate the production of excess tears, causing watery eyes. Watery eyes can also occur due to blockages in the tear ducts.

Other causes of watery eyes are:
  1. Environmental or weather factors around the eyes, such as wind, smoke, or light that is too bright.
  2. Eyestrain.
  3. There are foreign objects or irritating chemicals in the eye.
  4. Flu.
  5. Allergy.
  6. Blepharitis.
  7. Infection of one part of the eye as in conjunctivitis.
  8. Eyelashes grow in or out.
  9. Side effects of drugs.
  10. Certain diseases, thyroid disorders, chronic sinusitis, tumors, and Bell's palsy.
  11. Side effects of radiation therapy.
  12. Watery eyes are also related to age. This condition is common in infants and those over the age of 60 years.

How to Overcome Watery Eyes

Mostly, watery eyes do not need special care because they can improve on their own. But sometimes, this condition can be a problem that disrupts activity and a sense of comfort that requires special handling.

Based on the cause, here are some ways to deal with watery eyes
  1. Overcoming a blocked tear duct can compress the eyes with a warm wet towel for several times a day.
  2. You can use eye drops to treat dry eyes.
  3. Taking antihistamines can help overcome them if the cause is allergies.
  4. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat watery eyes caused by conjunctivitis or eye infections.
  5. To cope with eyelashes that grow inward or expel foreign objects at a time when they can by taking preventive action.
  6. Your doctor may recommend surgery if there is a blockage in your tear duct.
  7. A blocked duct usually causes watery eyes in infants. Often the blockage of the tear ducts in the baby can improve on its own without special treatment.

But, you can speed up healing by massaging the tear duct using a clean index finger. Do a gentle massage on the side of your baby's nose, near the corner of his eye. Point the massage towards the nostrils. This massage can be done several times each day for several months.

However, if conditions have not improved, the operation path may be an option. Treatment may not be needed if watery eyes do not interfere with your daily activities. However, immediately consult an ophthalmologist if you experience prolonged watery eyes accompanied by pain, reddened eyes, irritation, bleeding, bruising around the eyes, impaired vision, severe headaches, or even makes you unable to see at all.

Friday, November 16, 2018

The Importance of Protecting Eyes from UV Rays

The Importance of Protecting Eyes from UV Rays
Photo by Nick Karvounis on Unsplash
The Importance of Protecting Eyes from UV Rays - Not many people realize that the eyes are organs that are vulnerable to damage. One threat to eye damage that we often ignore is exposure to UV light. Therefore, it is essential to protect the eyes to prevent diseases, ranging from cataracts to eye cancer.

The Importance of Protecting the Eyes 

Ultraviolet (UV) light is one of the leading causes of radiation-induced injury to the human eye. The cornea absorbs most of this radiation. Similar to darkening skin damage due to sunlight, this damage occurs because of the accumulation of light emission in the corneal epithelium.

Exposure to high-intensity UV rays, such as in sunlight, halogen lamps, and lights in the photo studio can directly cause severe damage to the eyes. Not only in high intensity, but excessive exposure to daily UV radiation in the long term can also create various abnormalities in the eye, even increasing the risk of cataracts and eye cancer.

What Happens to the Eye When Staring at High-Intensity Light

Long-term exposure to UV radiation can cause damage to the retina. For example, when looking at the sun directly with the naked eye. Damage to the retina caused is called solar retinopathy.

There is also another disorder called ultraviolet keratitis, which is a burn on the surface of the eye (cornea). The cornea protects the colored part called the iris in the eye and acts to preserve the structure inside the eye. Signs of damage to the cornea are like watery eyes, blurred vision, red and sore eyes, and sensitive to light. In addition to pain, damage to this section can cause interference with vision until the eyes hurt when moving.

Examples of abnormalities in the eye surface include pterygium. Pterygium is the growth of membranes in the white part of the eye (sclera), which can spread to the cornea. Therefore, protecting the eyes is a must. Without protection, accumulation of damage to the eye can occur which ultimately increases a person's risk of developing these diseases.

Tips for Maintaining The Eyes from UV Rays

There are many ways to protect your eyes from UV rays by wearing sunglasses, and this is the easiest way.  In addition to the style of glasses that fit your face shape, make sure the lenses have a label for ultraviolet radiation.

More details, here are things that can be done to protect the eyes while on the move outside the home.

  1. Beware of soil particles, sand, or dust that can enter the eyes.
  2. Chemicals in various household products, such as pest killers and plant sprays are at risk of irritating the eyes. Wash your eyes immediately with running water if these ingredients hit your eyes. Can also use liquid contact lens washing.
  3. Wear eye protection and head for certain sports that risk bringing harm to the eyes, such as cycling, swimming, and golf. Foreign objects that enter the eye can irritate and even injure the eyes.
  4. Remove contact lenses while swimming, then wear swimming goggles to protect the eyes from chlorine, especially if your eyes are sensitive.
  5. Not only heavy work, staring at a computer screen for too long while working can also cause eye disorders, from the eyes to uncomfortable to headaches. Take a break every 20 minutes to ease the burden on the eyes. You can do it with simple things, like looking out the window.
  6. When reading and working, make sure your room has enough lighting, or when doing work with welding equipment or cutting using grinders, make sure you also wear eye protection.
  7. Avoid exposure to sunlight in the long term to prevent the occurrence of solar retinopathy or other eye damage. Use sunglasses block 100% of UV radiation as protection. Keep in mind that this advice is also worth doing if you are facing exposure to other high-intensity light.

In addition to doing things to protect the eyes, what is also important is to have your eye checked by an ophthalmologist once you feel something unusual, such as a changing vision or an eye pain. Routine eye examination every year is a critical step in maintaining eye health.

How to Get Rid Of Large Pores Without Damaging The Skin

How to Get Rid Of Large Pores Without Damaging The Skin
Photo By Romica Lyan on Instagram
How to Get Rid Of Large Pores Without Damaging The Skin - There are various ways to get rid of large pores that can be an option. Here are ways you can do so that the problem of large pores no longer interferes with appearance.

How to Get Rid Of Large Pores

Although the presence of pores is needed to remove sweat and oil on the surface of the skin, the condition of enlarged pores can cause other skin problems. If dirt, oil and dead skin cells close the pores, blackheads, and zits can appear. The skin can also look dull, so you need to find a way to shrink the right pores so that there are no problems with your skin.

Pores that appear significant, especially on the face, often make a person insecure. Here are some ways to reduce pores that you can try so that facial skin looks smoother and of course so that you are more confident in appearance:

1. Research in choosing skin care products
The first way to shrink pores is to select the right skin care product. Choose products that are labeled noncomedogenic, because they tend not to clog the pores. Also, you who have oily skin are advised to choose a gel-shaped facial cleanser. While for those who have healthy facial skin and dry skin, select facial cleansing cream products.

2. Clean your face properly
In addition to carefully using skin care products, you also have to clean your face properly. Wash your face using warm water, then apply facial cleansing products. Gently massage the face and neck in a circular motion for 30-60 seconds. Then rinse and dry by patting the towel gently on the front. It is recommended to clean your face this way every morning and night before going to bed.

3. Peeling of the skin
Besides being useful for removing dead skin cells and excess oil on the face, exfoliation of the facial skin with scrubbing technique is also helpful to make the pores of your face shrink. However, don't do it every day, scrubbing you should do it only twice a week. Don't forget to apply moisturizer to the front so that the skin remains hydrated.

4. Clay mask
The benefit of a clay mask is that it can close your pores and make it smaller because clay masks can adequately remove dead skin cells, dirt and oil. You are recommended to use clay masks 1-2 times a week. But before applying this mask to the entire face, try asking it first to a restricted area to see the reaction on the skin. If there is no allergic reaction, continue using it.

5. Sleep with a clean face
Cleaning makeup before going to bed should always be done. Sleeping with makeup that is still attached not only can make the pores clogged but also can make the pores large.

In addition to these methods, several other habits must be considered to reduce the pores on the face. You are advised to use sunscreen every day with an SPF of at least 30 so that the skin remains protected. Also, eating healthy foods and avoid foods containing high fat, such as chips, candy, and cakes.

Do a variety of ways to naturally shrink pores above. If this condition is considered disturbing, you can consult a dermatologist for a more effective way and by the health of your skin.

5 Benefits of Avocado for Pregnancy Program to be Successful

5 Benefits of Avocado for Pregnancy Program to be Successful

5 Benefits of Avocado for Pregnancy Program to be Successful - Fertility is an important thing that must be considered for married couples as well as for those who plan to build a household, where it can later determine whether or not the couple can get offspring. Maybe now, the problem is haunting your mind, and you are looking for a safe solution to overcome it? If this is true, then it's not wrong if you read this article. 

5 Benefits of Avocado for Pregnancy Programs

One factor that determines a person's fertility is good nutritional intake. The study has stated that nutrient intake is very influential on the health and quality of sperm and egg cells. You need to know that quality sperm and egg cells will affect the fetus as well as the health of babies, children, even until they are growing up.

For those of you who don't want to have problems with fertility, maintaining proper nutrition is a wise step to take. There are several types of food sources that are believed to be very good for pregnancy, one of which is avocado.

Why Avocado Fruit? There are several reasons why avocados are perfect for increasing a person's fertility, including:

1. Avocado is rich in folic acid

You need to know that in a dish of 150 grams of avocados contains ± 122 mcg of folic acid or about 30% of our recommended daily intake. Folic acid is a type of B vitamin, one of its functions is to help increase fertility in both men and women.

For women, the benefits of folic acid are believed to help strengthen egg cells. That way the opportunities and opportunities for them to get pregnant will be more significant. Also, folic acid is also essential to help reduce the risk of babies having neural tube defects when they are born.

For men, folic acid can help improve the quality and quantity of sperm produced. Why is this important? Because the quality of sperm will affect the fertilization of the egg, where if the sperm is of poor quality, the egg will be challenging to fertilize. And even though eggs can feed, another thing to worry about is that these conditions can cause defects in babies and the emergence of various diseases in infants such as Down Syndrome.

2. Avocados have a high monounsaturated fat content

Avocados are a food source that produces monounsaturated fats. Other sources of monounsaturated fats can come from olive oil and peanut oil. It is a kind of good fat that can help reduce cholesterol levels in our body. Also, it turns out this type of fat also plays a vital role in the endocrine system that regulates hormones in the reproductive process. In a 150 gram dish of avocados, there is a monounsaturated fat content of 14.7 grams of the total fat content of 22 grams or about 34% of the recommended daily nutrient intake. All you need to remember is that fulfilling your fat intake, especially unsaturated fat, is very important, but don't overdo it regarding consuming it, because if you do it can interfere with your fertility.

3. Avocado is rich in vitamin B6

Apart from containing folic acid, avocados also include other types of B vitamins such as vitamin B6 which also has a considerable role in fertility problems. In 150 grams of avocado, there are + - 0.4 mg of vitamin B6 content or about 19% of the recommended daily intake. Vitamin B6 functions to help maintain the quality of sperm and egg cells to remain in good condition so that later the fertilization process will run well too. In addition to the avocado, you can get these nutrients from several food sources such as spinach, soybeans, liver, fish, and brown rice.

4. Avocado is rich in vitamin C

In addition to several types of nutrients above, avocados are also one of the excellent sources of vitamin C. In a dish of 150 grams of avocado there is + - 15 mg of the content of the benefits of vitamin C or about 25% of the recommended daily intake. Besides being useful as an antioxidant, the benefits of avocado for fertility are to protect reproductive capacity; vitamin C also plays a role in the process of forming egg cells.

5. Avocado is also rich in other nutrients

In addition to some of the nutrient content above, there are still many other nutrients contained in avocados that both, directly and indirectly, play a role in a person's fertility. Like vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol), potassium, fiber, zinc, and many other types of nutrients. The benefits of vitamin E play a role to maintain the health of the uterine and placental walls to reduce the risk of miscarriage; fiber serves to lower blood sugar levels, and so forth.

Facts About Avocado

You can consume ripe avocado directly, or you can waste it with additional honey, to make it into fresh juice, ice mix, cocktail or other processed ingredients. When you don't consume it immediately, the avocado flesh that was initially yellowish green will turn brownish due to oxidation. Although it is considered to be harmless, this condition can reduce the appearance of fruit from the Lauraceae family, so it looks less attractive. To prevent this, you can add a little lemon juice to the fruit flesh that has been cleaved.

For those of you who are experiencing latex allergy and who are taking blood thinning drugs such as warfarin, you should avoid eating avocados because it will cause the ineffectiveness of the medications you are consuming.

Excessive amounts of avocado can cause obesity. The fat content in avocados causes this, and obesity can also interfere with a person's fertility. Also, fat will be longer to be digested by organs than other nutrients, so excessive fat consumption will make the body lack nutrients.

Wednesday, November 14, 2018

19 Essential Guidelines to Starting Running for Beginners

19 Essential Guidelines to Starting Running for Beginners
Photo by Alexander Redl on Unsplash
19 Essential Guidelines to Starting Running for Beginners - Running correctly and regularly can be a sport that produces the most burning calories, not to mention cheap and easy to go anywhere. However, there are some things you need to know for you who are beginners about the preparation, running techniques, and some other valuable tips.

Although referred to as the most accessible sport, but running still requires special tricks and techniques so that the benefits of running can be obtained to the maximum and minimize the risk of injury. Sometimes, the appearance of excessive fatigue after running a sport is due to improper running or preparation techniques, not because of the intensity of running that exceeds ability.

Then what are the factors that we need to look at so that running sports is a useful and enjoyable activity?

Preparation: Shoes, Clothing, and Warming up

Prepare ideal physical conditions and support equipment before running. Among them are:

1. Eat before exercise
About 1 hour before starting running, it is recommended to consume foods or drinks that contain carbohydrates, for example, This is especially important if your running distance is more than 6 km, but if running short and not far away, eating soft drinks or food is enough to energize.

2. Warming up
To reduce the risk of injury, warm up at least five minutes by walking lightly, going up and down stairs or walking in place.

3. Wear sports shoes
You can start running in a residential area, circling the park, or on a treadmill. As a beginner, running for 5-10 minutes will be the appropriate duration target to be achieved. Don't forget to wear shoes that are comfortable and suitable for running, and according to the size of your feet.

4. Wear sports clothing
Wear comfortable sports clothing. For women, you can use a special bra for you do not need to buy sports clothing individually. Short or long pants and shirts that are neither too big nor too tight can be a comfortable choice. Proper preparation will minimize the risk of injury and make your physical body more ready to run.

Running Technique: Combine Running and Walking

Find a running posture that is not contrived. Initially, it's natural if it still feels stiff, but after getting used to it, the body will adjust naturally. The character of the body and the habits of each person is different, so it's better to find your style.

5. Start on foot
If you haven't been doing exercise for a long time and you want to start doing the training again, walking can be the right start. After walking for 30 minutes without problems, you can try to change your foot by running slowly, then gradually adding speed to feel comfortable.

6. Starting from a distance and short duration
As a beginner, avoid running too far or too long because of the risk of causing CE. Start with a short distance and length which then continues to increase. Panting after running can be a sign that you are running excessively.

7. Run in the right position
Lean your body slightly forward with your hands clenched in an angle. When doing running, it's better to tilt the toe or toe than resting on the heel.

8. Reduce pressure
Avoid jumping to reduce stress on the joints and knees.

9. Focus body weight
Relax your upper body because a stiff body makes your run slower. Center the body weight in the middle.

10. Breathe properly
Breathe with good technique. Breathe air through your nose, fill the space in your lungs, then release it through your mouth which is slightly open. Inhaling from the mouth risks causing various dust or foreign objects to enter the respiratory tract.

An Olympic runner recommends that beginner runners pause to walk 5-10 seconds every minute. According to him, walking between runs can be good cross-training. As more and more running, the muscles and joints strengthen, the ratio of walking and running can become less frequent.

If you do it regularly, within six months, you may already be able to run long distances. The combination of running and walking can also help prevent fatigue and injury, and make you more relaxed in the running.

While in other running techniques, it is recommended to run for 15 seconds and walk for 45 seconds, then repeat for up to 30 minutes. After you get used to running, over time, you will reduce the walking time and increase running duration.

Other Important Tips

Other things are often thought to be insignificant but can determine the consistency of someone running. The following items might help you get started with running sports:

11. Make notes
If you feel it is necessary, you can record the duration and distance you take each time you run to design a run ahead of plan and monitor your progress and stamina.

12. Join the community
Find friends or groups who also like to run so that you will continue to be motivated from time to time. If possible, find friends with more or less equal abilities to be able to strengthen each other.

13. Sufficient fluid needs
Consume enough mineral water to meet fluid needs and prevent dehydration while running.

14. Specify the target
As a beginner who wants to be consistent, running for three days a week is an adequate target before increasing the frequency. Also, if you run every day for a week, you should give it a day so that your muscles can rest.

15. Adjust meal times
Heavy food should be consumed at least 1 to 1.5 hours before running.

16. Listening to music
Exercising while listening to music is very fun and increases enthusiasm for some people. However, make sure your running route is in a safe area. For convenience and safety, if the road runs through the highway that many vehicles pass through, avoid listening to music.

17. Run slowly at the beginning
As a beginner, avoid running fast because it causes your body to get tired quickly.

18. Search for new routes
If it feels tedious, you can change the way to run to another place, such as a park farther away from home. But make sure the area is easily accessible, so you are not lazy to go.

19. Cooling
Stretch, especially the leg muscles, after running. A position like pushing the wall with one foot in front and one foot behind. Alternatively, bend your knees back until your heels stick to your buttocks. Replace with the other foot. Hold each movement or position for 15-20 seconds. This cooling is also needed to reduce the frequency of the heartbeat.

If you do it consistently, running can reduce the risk of obesity and chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, stroke and heart disease. Women can also run in times like pregnancy, menstruation, until menopause, as long as they adjust the intensity of running with their condition. But remember, if you have just recovered from an injury or have a particular disease, you should consult a doctor first, before starting running.

How To Get Rid Of Blackheads Naturally For A Smooth Glowing Face

How To Get Rid Of Blackheads Naturally For A Smooth Face Glow
Photo by Winny Putri Lubis
How To Get Rid Of Blackheads Naturally For A Smooth Glowing Face - Rough skin and blackheads can make you uncomfortable meeting other people. Don't worry, because there are various ways to get rid of blackheads naturally that you can do at home.

Blackheads can appear when follicles or hair pores on the facial skin block by dead skin cells, bacteria, and oil. Besides appearing on the face, blackheads can also appear on the back, shoulders, chest, neck and white arms.

Where do blackheads appear, anyway?

Blackheads usually appear on the face with the characteristics of small dark spots. It may look like a zit, but blackheads are lighter and more mysterious. Melanin pigments (which are produced by skin cells) that have been exposed to exposure to air or sunlight so that the oxidation process forms these dark colours.

Blackheads most often appear on the nose, chin, around the lips, and around the ears. In addition to the face, blackheads can also appear on the back, neck, arms, shoulders, and even the chest. It is because there are many hair follicles in the area. Hair grows from hair follicles located in the pores. Well, there are special glands that produce sebum or the natural oil of the skin underneath.

When sebum blocks the pores and dead skin cells, dead skin cells in the pores can react with oxygen and become black. However, if the skin around the blocked pores closes, the dead skin cells do not react with oxygen and will turn white. Both are called blackheads.

What are the causes of blackheads?

Dirt that sticks to the skin's pores is a common cause of blackheads. That might happen if you are among those who rarely cleanse your face, mainly after you use makeup. Two factors can increase the risk of blackheads on the front, namely age and hormonal changes. Blackheads often appear at puberty, where increased hormones at this time can trigger oil production under the skin.

Androgen hormone production which increases at puberty (both in men and in women) triggers more oil or sebum production and dead skin cells. However, hormonal changes don't only occur at puberty, but also during menstruation, pregnancy, and when using birth control pills.
Some other factors that can cause blackheads are:
  • Use of cosmetics that can cover the pores of the skin
  • Sweating a lot
  • Shaving, which can make hair follicles open
  • Stress or other conditions associated with hormonal changes, such as premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PCOS
  • Use of steroid drugs, such as corticosteroids

What is the difference between Blackheads and Acne?

Sometimes, you may not be able to distinguish between blackheads and zits. Both are different things and need different handling. Acne is usually white due to pus or red when inflamed, while blackheads can be black or white. The red colour on these zits can arise because of the inflammation of the skin. While comedones do not occur because of swelling, but because of the oxidation process. Judging from the size, usually, blackheads are smaller, sometimes you may not even realise that you have blackheads. Meanwhile, acne can have a large enough scale.

What if blackheads are left?

Leftover blackheads can develop into severe acne. Blockages in the pores of the skin make oil continue to accumulate under the skin. Plus, a dirty, oily face and the habit of holding your face make it easy for germs to stick to the surface. Then makes the clogged skin pores irritated and enlarged. Over time, the pores of the skin will break, white blood cells enter, and the pores will become red and swollen. Finally, grow pimples.

How to eliminate it?

Cleansing the face can be the best way to prevent blackheads. You can lift blackheads by squeezing the skin around the blackheads to get out. However, this can aggravate the condition, for example, it can cause inflammation which previously did not exist. Another way you can do is do a facial or use a pore strip. If blackheads are still stubborn, you may need to see a dermatologist. Dermatologists can recommend drugs that help clear blackheads according to your skin type.

How to Get Rid of Blackheads Naturally

There are various ways to remove blackheads naturally that are simple and easy to do, including:

1. Clay mask
Because the benefits of clay masks can take or remove the skin and oil from the pores of the skin, many consider that this clay mask is a product that is suitable for oily skin. Clay masks can be an alternative way to remove blackheads on the nose. 

2. Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is considered to have natural anti-inflammatory content. Not only that, but tea tree oil can also kill bacteria and fungi, and effectively reduce acne, including blackheads. So no wonder, if many skin care products contain tea tree oil.

3. Charcoal mask
Many believe that charcoal is beneficial for maintaining healthy skin, especially facial skin. The charcoal masks play a role in removing oil, dead skin cells, and other impurities, including blackheads. It is recommended to use a charcoal mask once a week.

4. Aloe vera
Aloe vera plants are not only beneficial for hair health. Research shows that aloe vera is also helpful in maintaining healthy skin and overcoming acne and blackheads on the face.

Besides knowing how to get rid of blackheads, you also need to know how to prevent it. To prevent blackheads, clean your face twice a day, which is after waking up and before going to bed, and using oil-free cosmetic products that match the condition of your skin.

We recommend that you remain cautious if you want to apply the method of removing blackheads naturally. Some ways to eliminate blackheads naturally as explained above still need further research. For proper information and treatment of blackheads, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist.

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

It Turns Out It's Easy to Get Rid of Acne Scars Naturally

It Turns Out It's Easy to Get Rid of Acne Scars Naturally
Photo by Els Fattah on Unsplash
It Turns Out It's Easy to Get Rid of Acne Scars Naturally - Acne generally starts to grow during adolescence. Because in youth it was puberty and when adolescents activity will be denser or a lot so that the sweat glands produce more sweat coupled with dirt that sticks to the face during movement, plus more rarely clean the front so that the look is dirty and then there are blackheads, and finally there are zits.

Although not a big problem, but acne scars on the face can make a person less confident. You who experience this need not worry, there are ways to get rid of acne scars naturally which are easy to practice. The natural ingredients used are also native to obtain.

Natural Ingredients for Removing Acne Scars

Before deciding to do the facial treatment at a beauty clinic, it never hurts to try to eliminate acne scars naturally at home. Besides being easy to get, facial treatments using natural ingredients also tend to be cheaper and have minimal side effects.
The following are natural ingredients that can help remove acne scars:

1. Aloe vera
You can use aloe vera as a natural ingredient for eliminating acne scars. Aloe vera is claimed to be able to fade acne scars because it contains aloin, a compound that can brighten dark areas of the skin. Aloe vera gel contains this aloin compound.

2. Baking soda
Baking soda serves as an exfoliator of dead skin cells so that it can help reduce acne scars. You are advised to apply facial moisturiser after doing treatment with baking soda immediately, so the skin does not dry out. Also, don't do this treatment more than twice a week. The trick, mix two spoons of baking soda and water to form a paste. Apply to face, massage sauce with circular movements. Let stand for 10-15 minutes then rinse thoroughly.

3. Lemon juice
Although it needs further investigation, many people use lemon juice to remove acne scars. The content of vitamin C and antioxidants found in lemons are believed to be able to fade acne blemishes on the face properly. Unfortunately, the sensitive and dry skin should not use lemon juice to get rid of acne scars naturally, because it is prone to irritation.

4. Honey
Honey is not only able to eliminate acne scars naturally but also can accelerate wound healing and reduce the potential for scar tissue formation in wounds. You can get rid of acne scars naturally by using honey as a mask.

How to use a honey mask as a mask is relatively straightforward. You only need to clean and rinse your face using warm water so that the facial pores are open. After that, apply natural honey to the front and let stand for 30 minutes. Clean with warm water again then rinse again with cold water so that the facial pores shrink again.

It turns out that removing acne scars naturally isn't as difficult as you might think. Perform regular maintenance so that acne scars can immediately disappear. If you have done the acne removal method by naturally, but the stain of acne scars will not go away, you can try medical treatment, such as chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser on the face, or needling. Consult a dermatologist about the type of treatment that is right for your skin condition.

Sunday, November 11, 2018

Benefits and Tips of Cardio Training

Benefits and Tips of Cardio Training
Photo by Emily Sea on Unsplash
Benefits and Tips of Cardio Training - Sport or exercise are not only useful for burning calories and fat in the body but also has a myriad of other benefits. One type that has many benefits is cardio exercise. Before you start doing it, let's look at the following benefits of cardio.

Benefits of Cardio Training and Tips for Doing It

Cardio or aerobic exercise is an exercise activity that aims to strengthen the heart and lungs. Besides being able to improve body function in utilising oxygen, cardio exercise is also beneficial to elevate heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing. There are many types of pure cardio exercises that you can try, such as walking, running, cycling, and swimming.

Various Benefits of Cardio Training

Not only is the heart healthy, but there are also other benefits that you can get from this cardio exercise, including:

1. Reduce stress
Cardio exercise has advantages that can make your body more relaxed and calm. It is because cardio can release endorphins which can reduce stress and improve your mood. A study even revealed that exercising regularly such as walking for 30 minutes at least 15 days was proven to reduce stress and reduce symptoms of depression.

2. Improve the immune system
In a study comparing two groups of women who were active in cardio with women who had never exercised, there seems to be a very significant difference. The group of women who are engaged in cardio exercise has a stronger immune system than those who are not active. Also, groups that are not active in cardio exercise tend to have higher stress levels. Excess stress is one of the factors that can weaken the body's immunity.

3. Improve sleep quality
If you have a sleep disorder every night, try cardio. According to a study, regular cardio exercise is believed to be able to help improve the quality of sleep and make you sleep better. However, you should avoid doing cardio close to bedtime; this will only make it difficult for you to sleep. Limit the time to cardio exercise at least two hours before your bedtime.

4. Lower cholesterol and weight
One way to reduce cholesterol is to do cardio. Researchers believe doing physical activities such as cardio can increase good cholesterol levels and lower bad cholesterol. Also, cardio exercise is also able to lose weight in obese people.

5. Maintain blood sugar levels
A study revealed that regular cardio exercise can help prevent type 2 diabetes and reduce symptoms. This is because training can improve the body's way of using blood sugar and also reduce insulin resistance.

Types of Cardio Training You Can Do at Home

If you are busy and don't have much time to go to a gym, cardio like this can be done at home quickly and easily, namely:

1. Jogging on the spot
Stand straight with your feet open at shoulder level. Then lift your legs like you are running. Perform this movement repeatedly for 60 seconds.

2. Jump rope
You can also just do cardio exercise, namely, jump rope. This method is cheap, and you can do it anytime and anywhere. If done correctly, jumping rope for 20 minutes can burn about 220 calories.

3. Mountain climbers
Lay your body in a push-up position, lifting your body to the level of your arms. Then pull the right knee towards the chest, then return to its original post. Repeat the movement using the other side of the foot and do it alternately for 60 seconds.

4. Jumping jacks
Stand straight, then drop by opening both legs to the side. At the same time, both arms are also raised to the top of the head and form a letter V. Repeat the movement for 60 seconds. Also, vary with other cardio movements to get maximum results.

Don't forget to warm up and cool down, before and after cardio exercise. Warming helps prepare the body to exercise, increase body temperature and blood flow to the muscles, and reduce muscle pain and risk of injury. While cooling allows the heart rate and blood pressure to recover gradually and helps regulate blood flow.

Before getting the benefits of cardio, it's a good idea to consult a doctor first. Especially if you have certain diseases, are taking drugs, or are pregnant.