Healthints – Energy drinks are said to be bad for health, one of which is damage to the kidneys. Do energy drinks adversely affect Kidneys? Or it’s just a myth? Let’s check the answer in the following article!
Energy drinks are soft drinks that are effective in increasing energy, stamina, physical performance, concentration, mood, and overcoming fatigue. Therefore, this drink is often used to overcome sleepiness and fatigue.
The most content in energy drinks is caffeine. Caffeine is a nervous system stimulant that makes the body become more alert and stay awake. Energy drinks also have high sugar content, can be in the form of fructose, sucrose, or artificial sweeteners.
Also, energy drinks can contain various other substances, such as ginseng, taurine, glucuronolactone, guarana, L-carnitine, inositol, sorbic acid, and vitamin B, although in small amounts.
The Impact of Energy Drinks on the Kidneys
Energy drinks have several side effects that can affect organs in the body. The organs most often affected by these drinks are the heart, nerves, and brain. Even though it is less common, energy drinks can also damage the digestive tract and kidneys.
The following are the effects of consuming energy drinks on the kidneys:
1. Increase the frequency of urination and the risk of dehydration
Caffeine has a diuretic effect, namely, the ability to increase urine production. That is why you will urinate more often after consuming caffeinated drinks, including energy drinks.
Also, caffeine can increase the disposal of salt (sodium) in the urine. Sodium serves to hold fluids in the body so that the body does not lack fluids.
After consuming coffee, the body will get rid of a lot of sodium and liquid so that it causes dehydration.
2. Causes damage to the kidneys
These side effects are rare but quite severe. Excessive consumption of energy drinks or in the long term can increase the risk of damage to the kidneys, which can cause:
- Acute kidney failure
Acute kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys fail to function, which occurs suddenly (within a few hours or several days). Caffeine, taurine, ginseng extract, and excessive sugar in energy drinks play a role in causing this condition. Too often or consuming too many energy drinks that contain these substances can lead to increased blood pressure and impaired blood flow in the kidneys, this is what causes acute kidney failure.
- Chronic kidney failure
The indirect effect of consuming excessive energy drinks is chronic kidney failure, which is a disorder of kidney structure and function that develops gradually, for at least three months. One can of energy drink contains about 54 grams or the equivalent of 13 teaspoons of sugar. Excessive sugar intake in the long term can increase the risk of obesity and diabetes. Both of these conditions can eventually cause chronic kidney failure.
Other adverse effects of consuming energy drinks
The thing you need to pay attention to is the content in each pack of energy drinks, especially caffeine, the amount of which needs to adjust to your weight. The impact of consuming too many energy drinks attacks not only the kidneys but also other organs and other health problems such as:
1. Disorders of the heart
Excessive caffeine consumption causes arrhythmias and affects the heart, even before a person experiences health problems in the center. Consumption of excess energy drinks can also cause high blood pressure. One study by Steinke and colleagues showed an increase in systolic blood pressure of 11% or about 10mmHg per energy drink per day. The effect on someone with a history or risk of heart disease is heart failure that causes death.
Energy drinks are useful in keeping someone awake. However, if misused with excessive consumption, a person can not feel sleepy at all. The condition of insomnia will hurt physical and mental health, especially concentration disorder.
3. Diabetes Mellitus
It is undoubtedly the reason for the high glucose levels. Consuming too often will cause insulin deficiency due to a lot of sugar in the blood. Energy drinks themselves already have high sugar levels, and if added by glucose from other foods will cause a burden on the performance of the pancreas to produce the hormone insulin.
This condition is almost the same as the condition of caffeine dependence in general. However, the Dependency on energy drinks is also caused by other stimulants so that the body needs energy drinks to do hard work. The Dependency of caffeine in high doses will too be complicated to disappear, as a result of which dependent individuals may consume energy drinks again even for a long time. If you want to stop dependence and stop drinking energy drinks, someone might experience headaches as a symptom of withdrawal.
5. Overdose of Vitamin B
Energy drinks contain various B vitamins, one of which is Niacin (vitamin B3). Generally, the need for B vitamins is in small amounts. Even without energy drinks or supplements, B vitamins will be enough. However, vitamin B poisoning may occur if someone consumes energy drinks more than one package per day. Symptoms are an irritation to the skin, dizziness, arrhythmia, vomiting, and diarrhea. It doesn’t rule out the possibility of hypervitaminosis B condition, which causes the beginning of nerve and liver damage.
It turns out that the opinion that energy drinks have a terrible effect on the kidneys is a fact. This adverse effect generally occurs in consuming energy drinks excessively or in the long run.
Suggestions for you, limit consumption of energy drinks not more than 500 ml or 1 can per day to prevent problems in your kidneys — also, an increase in water consumption to avoid dehydration.
Do not consume energy drinks if you experience specific health problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, or kidney disease. Immediately consult a doctor if you experience severe side effects after consuming energy drinks.